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Table 1 Characteristics of all participants according to provinces

From: Regional differences in diabetes prevalence and awareness between coastal and interior provinces in China: a population-based cross-sectional study

Variable Fujian Shaanxi p value
N 2672 3254  
Sex(Male/Female) 1056/1616 1366/1888 0.056
Age, n (%)    0.037
  20-40 years 1133 (42.4%) 1385 (42.6%)  
  40-60 years 1102 (41.2%) 1411 (43.4%)  
  Above 60 years 437 (16.4%) 458 (14.1%)  
Ethnics (Han), n (%) 2655 (99.4%) 3170 (98.8%) 0.015
Urban, n (%) 2149 (80.4%) 2051 (63.0%) <0.001
Education level, n (%)    <0.001
  College and above 602 (22.5%) 897 (28.2%)  
  Secondary school 1510 (56.5%) 1585 (49.9%)  
  Elementary school 420 (15.7%) 465 (14.6%)  
  Uneducated 140 (5.2%) 232 (7.3%)  
Yearly family income, n (%)    <0.001
  Below 10,000 CNY 748 (46.3%) 1332 (46.3%)  
  10,000-30,000 CNY 1180 (48.4%) 1185 (41.2%)  
  Above 30,000 CNY 508 (20.9%) 361 (12.5%)  
Cigarette smoking, n (%) 470 (17.6%) 770 (23.7%) <0.001
Alcohol drinking, n (%) 721 (27.1%) 786 (24.4%) 0.016
Physical activity, n (%) 1370 (52.2%) 1215 (37.5%) <0.001
Family history of diabetes, n (%) 473 (17.7%) 353 (10.8%) <0.001
Number of metabolic risk factors, n (%)    <0.001
  0 2067 (77.4%) 2612 (80.3%)  
  1 398 (14.9%) 493 (15.2%)  
  2 245 (4.1%) 104 (3.2%)  
  3 66 (2.5%) 45 (1.4%)  
Central obesity, n (%) 879 (33.1%) 1352 (42.0%) <0.001
Fasting glucose, mmol/L 5.24 ± 1.55 5.31 ± 1.41 0.052
2-hour glucose, mmol/L 6.92 ± 3.64 6.62 ± 3.29 <0.001
  1. Central obesity was defined as waist circumference above 90 cm in men and 80 cm in women. Metabolic risk factors included hypertension, raised triglycerides and total cholesterol.