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Table 4 Associations between socioeconomic determinants and weight gain (5 kg+), odds ratios (OR) and their confidence intervals (95% CI) among men (n = 1247)

From: Multiple socioeconomic determinants of weight gain: the Helsinki Health Study

Weight gain ≥ 5 kg Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI]
Parental education    
Higher 1.00 1.00 1.00
Intermediate 1.16 [0.80-1.67] 1.14 [0.79-1.65] 1.13 [0.77-1.65]
Basic 1.11 [0.80-1.54] 1.09 [0.78-1.51] 1.09 [0.76-1.56]
Childhood economic difficulties    
No difficulties 1.00 1.00 1.00
Difficulties 0.99 [0.70-1.39] 0.99 [0.70-1.39] 0.81 [0.56-1.17]
Own education    
Higher 1.00 1.00 1.00
Intermediate 1.23 [0.91-1.66] 1.14 [0.84-1.55] 0.88 [0.58-1.31]
Basic 1.12 [0.75-1.67] 1.03 [0.69-1.54] 0.66 [0.38-1.16]
Occupational class    
Professionals 1.00 1.00 1.00
Semi-professionals 1.12 [0.78-1.60] 1.07 [0.75-1.54] 1.10 [0.71-1.70]
Routine non-manual employees 1.34 [0.87-2.07] 1.28 [0.82-1.99] 1.11 [0.64-1.92]
Manual workers 1.37 [0.99-1.87] 1.30 [0.94-1.80] 1.31 [0.82-2.10]
Household income    
Highest quartile 1.00 1.00 1.00
2nd 1.16 [0.77-1.74] 1.05 [0.71-1.56] 1.11 [0.73-1.67]
3rd 1.25 [0.84-1.87] 1.14 [0.77-1.68] 1.13 [0.74-1.72]
Lowest quartile 1.64 [1.11-2.42] 1.48 [1.02-2.16] 1.35 [0.88-2.08]
Home ownership    
Owner-occupiers 1.00 1.00 1.00
Renters 1.40 [1.06-1.84] 1.34 [1.02-1.78] 1.26 [0.92-1.71]
Economic difficulties    
No difficulties 1.00 1.00 1.00
Occasional difficulties 1.37 [1.00-1.86] 1.28 [0.95-1.73] 1.25 [0.91-1.72]
Frequent difficulties 1.96 [1.37-2.80] 1.68 [1.18-2.38] 1.70 [1.15-2.49]
  1. Model 1 Adjusted for age.
  2. Model 2 Model 1 and baseline weight adjusted for.
  3. Model 3 Model 2 and all socioeconomic indicators adjusted for.