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Table 2 Age-adjusted prevalence (%) of weight gain (5 kg+) by age and socioeconomic determinants among women and men

From: Multiple socioeconomic determinants of weight gain: the Helsinki Health Study

  Women Weight gain ≥ 5 kg Men Weight gain ≥ 5 kg
Age n % [95% CI] n % [95% CI]
40 1075 34 [31.7-36.9] 208 32 [26.1-37.4]
45 1150 34 [31.0-36.1] 226 33 [27.3-38.2]
50 1198 26 [23.3-28.3] 252 28 [23.0-33.3]
55 1330 21 [18.1-22.8] 361 18 [13.7-22.3]
60 617 14 [10.5-17.4] 205 10 [4.0-15.5]
Parental education     
Higher 1114 24 [21.3-26.5] 330 22 [17.6-26.7]
Intermediate 1416 27 [25.1-29.7] 313 25 [20.0-29.3]
Basic 2840 27 [25.4-28.6] 609 24 [20.6-27.3]
Childhood economic difficulties     
No difficulties 4403 26 [24.4-27.0] 1033 24 [21.3-26.4]
Difficulties 967 30 [27.2-32.7] 219 23 [17.2-28.2]
Own education     
Higher 1353 22 [19.5-24.1] 439 22 [17.7-25.5]
Intermediate 2969 28 [26.2-29.4] 584 25 [21.8-28.6]
Basic 1048 29 [26.1-31.4] 229 24 [18.0-28.9]
Occupational class     
Professionals 1474 24 [21.4-25.8] 571 21 [17.9-24.7]
Semi-professionals 1090 25 [22.7-27.9] 255 24 [18.5-28.8]
Routine non-manual employees 2110 29 [27.1-30.8] 124 26 [19.0-33.8]
Manual workers 696 27 [23.8-30.3] 302 27 [22.2-31.6]
Household income     
Highest quartile 1298 26 [23.3-28.1] 314 20 [15.4-24.8]
2nd 1104 23 [20.8-26.0] 307 22 [17.5-26.8]
3rd 1521 28 [25.3-29.6] 316 24 [18.9-28.1]
Lowest quartile 1447 29 [26.2-30.7] 315 29 [24.1-33.4]
Home ownership     
Owner-occupiers 3593 24 [23.0-25.8] 888 22 [18.9-24.4]
Renters 1777 31 [28.6-32.7] 364 29 [24.2-32.8]
Economic difficulties     
No difficulties 2821 23 [21.6-24.8] 694 20 [17.0-23.3]
Occasional difficulties 1585 28 [25.8-30.1] 359 25 [21.0-29.7]
Frequent difficulties 964 34 [30.8-36.3] 199 33 [27.0-38.5]
Total 5370 27 [25.3-27.7] 1252 24 [21.2-26.0]