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Table 4 Water-related data the baseline needs assessment

From: The social ecology of water in a Mumbai slum: failures in water quality, quantity, and reliability

  n (%)
Frequency of water access  
 Does not purchase water 7 (0.7)
 Daily 144 (15)
 Every two days 279 (29.1)
 Every three days 231 (24.1)
 Every four days 236 (24.6)
 Weekly 62 (6.5)
Time spent obtaining water  
 <½ hour 584 (60.9)
 ½ hour to 1 hour 291 (30.3)
 1 hour to 1 ½ hours 65 (6.8)
 More than 1 ½ hours 14 (1.4)
Mode of obtaining water  
 Delivery via water vendors’ hoses 817 (85.2)
 Fetch water from outside their lanes 125 (13.1)
 Other 17 (1.7)
Does lack of water affect you or your family members’:  
 Health? 860 (89.7)
 Ability to go to work? 371 (38.7)
 Ability to go to school? 87 (9.1)
 Ability to study? 38 (4.0)
 Ability to start a new business? 13 (1.4)
 Ability to increase productivity in your current business? 14 (1.5)
Water purification methods used1  
 Filter-based water purifier set 5 (0.5)
 Cloth filter used during collection 274 (25.8)
 Boiling 165 (17.2)
 Alum 8 (0.8)
 Other purifying agents (i.e., chlorine) 18 (1.9)
 No purification method used 568 (59.2)
Why do you think that the community lacks running water?1  
 Land belongs to an external agency, so that municipal  government cannot provide water 426 (44.4)
 The community is unauthorized 111 (11.6)
 No one cares about the community 182 (19.0)
 Don’t know 289 (30.1)
 Other 18 (1.9)
Who has the primary responsibility for providing water to the community?1
 The local politician 390 (40.7)
 The municipal system 320 (33.4)
 Residents themselves 44 (4.6)
 Other (i.e., local water vendors) 263 (27.4)
  1. 1These questions allowed respondents to give multiple answers to the questions, so the percentages add up to more than 100%.