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Table 1 Parent/smoker identity conflict by baseline characteristics of parents, children and childcare visits

From: Parent smoker role conflict and planning to quit smoking: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic “My being a smoker gets in the way of my being a parent.”N (%*) Chi square
Agree Disagree All P Value
(N = 563) (N = 1372) (N = 1935)  
Age     0.006
  <25 125 (22) 389 (28) 514 (27)  
  > = 25 438 (78) 982 (72) 1420 (73)  
Sex     0.36
  Male 115 (20) 300 (22) 415 (21)  
  Female 447 (79) 1071 (78) 1518 (78)  
Racial category     0.003
  Hispanic (any race) 65 (12) 149 (11) 214 (11)  
  Mixed race 8 (1) 45 (3) 53 (3)  
  Non-Hispanic Black 64 (11) 233 (17) 297 (15)  
  Non-Hispanic Asian 5 (1) 4 (0) 9 (0)  
  Native American, Pacific Islander 17 (3) 27 (2) 44 (2)  
  Non-Hispanic White 399 (71) 904 (66) 1303 (67)  
  Unknown 5 (1) 10 (1) 15 (1)  
Education     0.39
  <High school 73 (13) 222 (16) 295 (15)  
  High school graduate/GED 266 (47) 626 (46) 892 (46)  
  Some college/trade school 167 (30) 377 (27) 544 (28)  
  College graduate 55 (10) 142 (10) 197 (10)  
Daily smoker     0.043
  Yes 492 (87) 1150 (84) 1642 (85)  
  No 71 (13) 221 (16) 292 (15)  
# Cigarettes/Day     0.015
  <10 cigarettes/day 214 (38) 613 (45) 827 (43)  
  > = 10 cigarettes/day 345 (61) 748 (55) 1093 (56)  
Recent 24-hour quit     0.006
  Yes 287 (51) 608 (44) 895 (46)  
  No 273 (48) 756 (55) 1029 (53)  
Home smoking rules     0.058
  No smoking anywhere 309 (55) 824 (60) 1133 (59)  
  Smoking allowed some places/times 198 (35) 390 (28) 588 (30)  
  Smoking allowed anywhere 50 (9) 137 (10) 187 (10)  
Stage of change for quitting     <0.0001
  Seriously planning to quit in 30 days 326 (58) 508 (37) 834 (43)  
  Considering quitting in 6 months 148 (26) 382 (28) 530 (27)  
  Not considering quitting in 6 months 74 (13) 433 (32) 507 (26)  
Childs age     0.033
  <1 year 133 (24) 380 (28) 513 (27)  
  1-5 years 226 (40) 575 (42) 801 (41)  
  6-10 years 126 (22) 216 (16) 342 (18)  
  >10 years 76 (13) 184 (13) 260 (13)  
Childs insurance coverage     0.63
  Medicaid 368 (65) 925 (67) 1293 (67)  
  Private insurance/HMO 131 (23) 332 (24) 463 (24)  
  Self-pay 17 (3) 33 (2) 50 (3)  
  Other 42 (7) 73 (5) 115 (6)  
Visit type     0.0006
  Routine visit 200 (36) 628 (46) 828 (43)  
  Sick visit 253 (45) 532 (39) 785 (41)  
  Follow-up 109 (19) 211 (15) 320 (17)  
Received assistance for quitting at the visit     
  Yes 170 (30) 282 (21) 452 (23)  
  No 393 (70) 1090 (79) 1483 (77) 0.001
  1. * Not all categories add up to 100% due to missing responses.