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Table 3 Total adolescents, boys, and girls reporting problems in anxiety dimension (EQ-5D), before and 1 year after screening-detected celiac disease diagnosis, compared to referents without celiac disease

From: Health-related quality of life in adolescents with screening-detected celiac disease, before and one year after diagnosis and initiation of gluten-free diet, a prospective nested case-referent study

Groups at Baseline and Follow-up Screening-detected CD (cases) Non CD (referents) Odds Ratios (95% CI)a
  n (%) with problems n (%) with problems Bivariate LRb Multivariate LRc
Total n = 103 n = 483   
Baseline 13 (12.6) 52 (10.8) 0.84 (0.44-1.60) 1.37 (0.70-2.69)
Follow-up 15 (14.6) 95 (19.7) 0.70 (0.39-1.26) 0.65 (0.35-1.20)
Boys n = 47 n = 208   
Baseline 4 (8.5) 16 (7.7) 1.12 (0.36-3.51) 1.46 (0.43-4.95)
Follow-up 2 (4.3) 18 (8.7) 0.47 (0.11-2.10) 0.41 (0.08-1.98)
Girls n = 56 n = 275   
Baseline 9 (16.1) 36 (13.1) 1.27 (0.57-2.81) 1.38 (0.61-3.13)
Follow-up 13 (23.2) 77 (28.0) 0.78 (0.40-1.53) 0.73 (0.37-1.47)
  1. a Odds ratio (95% confidence interval).
  2. b Bivariate logistic regression using case/referent and problems reported.
  3. c Multivariate logistic regression using case/referent and problems reported at baseline and problems reported at follow-up.