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Table 3 Prevalence of Traumatic events among men and women 20–35 years of age in different time periods

From: Traumatic episodes experienced during the genocide period in Rwanda influence life circumstances in young men and women 17 years later

Traumatic events Life time prevalence (1976–2011) Prevalence in 1994+/-1 yr.^ (genocide period) Prevalence in the past 3 years (2009–2011)
  N %* N %* %** N %* %**
1. Have you been imprisoned, kidnapped, held captive 94 10.3 8 0.9 8.7 27 2.9 28.7
2. Been a refugee, forced to flee from your home to escape danger/persecution 228 24.9 120 13.1 52.9 9 1.0 3.9
3. Experienced forced separation from family members 54 5.9 18 2.0 33.3 3 0.3 5.6
4. Experienced a life-threatening injury 133 14.5 29 3.2 21.8 19 2.1 14.3
5. Experienced a murder or unnatural death of a family member or a friend 223 24.3 84 9.2 37.7 19 2.1 8.5
6. Been robbed, mugged, threatened with a weapon 157 17.1 31 3.4 19.9 30 3.3 19.1
7. Experienced imprisonment of close family member 454 49.6 74 8.1 16.3 55 6.0 12.1
8. Witnessed a traumatic event to a loved one 306 33.4 41 4.5 13.4 59 6.4 19.3
9. Ever been raped by a stranger 22 2.4 2 0.2 8.7 1 0.1 4.5
10. Ever felt forced to have sex in exchange of money or other benefits 31 3.4 1 0.1 3.2 5 0.5 16.1
11. Witnessed repeated violence between family members 74 8.1 13 1.4 17.6 11 1.2 14.9
12. Witnessed physical or sexual violence against a family member by someone outside of the family 54 5.9 9 1.0 16.7 11 1.2 20.4
13. Witnessed someone being badly injured or killed 131 14.3 50 5.5 38.5 10 1.1 7.6
14. Witnessed atrocities, e.g. mass killings mutilated bodies 161 17.6 100 10.9 61.7 5 0.5 3.1
15. Been in a combat situation 114 12.4 32 3.5 27.8 20 2.2 17.5
16. Other life threatening/disturbing event 157 17.1 58 6.3 37.4 20 2.2 12.7
Summary measure of all traumatic events 722 78.7 334 36.4 46.3 220 24.0 30.5
  1. *Percent of total number of cases.
  2. **Percent of cases of respective act.
  3. ^The number of events was calculated from reported age of participant at event and recoded into year 1994.
  4. Total population, N = 917.