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Table 2 Living standard and Assets in the household, men and women

From: Traumatic episodes experienced during the genocide period in Rwanda influence life circumstances in young men and women 17 years later

Variable Men Women p-value
Living standard characteristics n % n %  
House type (N = 915)      
Combined building, flat, modern house, maisonette 189 43.1 175 36.8 .058
Shack 250 56.9 301 63.2
Toilet facility (N = 910)      
Flushed, improved latrine 14 3.2 10 2.1 .071
Latrine or no toilet 422 95.6 464 97.3
Electricity in the household (N = 914)      
Yes 39 8.9 68 14.3 .103
No 400 90.9 407 85.3
Cooking fuel (N = 914)      
Kerosene, paraffin and other fuels 37 8.4 41 8.6 .896
Firewood and dung 403 91.6 433 90.8
Water source (N = 912)      
Tap water, borehole water 338 76.8 208 43.6 <0.001
Surface water 101 23.0 265 55.6
Living standards, summary measure (N = 917)      
Improved (at least one of the higher standard items) 366 83.2 305 63.9 <0,001
Poor (none of the higher standard items) 74 16.8 172 36.1
Assets in the household      
Radio (N = 916)      
Yes 300 68.2 286 60.1 .011
No 140 31.8 190 39.8
Television (N = 916)      
Yes 25 5.7 30 6.3 .781
No 415 94.3 446 93.7
Refrigerator (N = 915)      
Yes 2 0.5 6 1.3 .290
No 437 99.5 470 98.7
Bicycle (N = 915)      
Yes 87 19.8 58 12.2 .002
No 352 80.2 418 87.8
Motorcycle (915)      
Yes 4 0.9 13 2.7 .050
No 435 99.1 463 97.3
Car (N = 915)      
Yes 3 0.7 9 1.9 .147
No 436 99.3 467 98.1
Mobile phone (N = 915)      
Yes 122 27.8 160 33.6 .062
No 317 72.2 316 66.4
Computer (914)      
Yes 3 0.7 10 2.1 .094
No 435 99.3 466 97.9
Assets in household , summary measure (N = 917 )      
Improved (At least one of the higher standard items) 323 73.4 331 69.4 .189
Poor (None of the higher standard items) 117 26.6 146 30.6
  1. N = 917, 440 men and 477 women. p-values for difference between men and women.