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Table 1 Socio-demographic and psychosocial factors for men and women with p-values for difference between men and women

From: Traumatic episodes experienced during the genocide period in Rwanda influence life circumstances in young men and women 17 years later

Variables Men Women p-value
Respondent’s characteristics n % n %  
Age groups (N = 908)      
20-24 148 33.8 127 27.0 .050
25-29 144 32.9 156 33.2  
30-35 146 33.3 187 39.8  
Marital status (N = 912)      
Married and cohabiting 236 53.8 342 72.3 < 0.001
Widowed and divorced 2 0.5 33 7.0  
Single 201 45.8 98 20.7  
Number of children (N = 915)      
No children 211 48.1 96 20.2 < 0.001
1-3 children 192 43.7 275 57.8  
>3 children 36 8.2 105 22.1  
Level of education (N = 768)      
Secondary school or University level 50 13.3 67 17.0 .006
Complete primary or vocational level 105 28.0 73 18.6  
Incomplete primary 220 58.7 253 64.4  
Ever been to school (N = 915)      
Yes 369 84.2 393 82.4 .479
No 69 15.8 84 17.6  
Employment status (N = 913)      
Full time paid employment 55 12.5 29 6.1 < 0.001
Irregular or seasonal work 33 7.5 17 3.6  
No employment 348 79.1 431 90.4  
Personal income per month (N = 912)      
More than 35,000 RF 19 4.3 11 2.3 .005
17,500-35,000 RF 36 8.2 19 4.0  
Less than 17,500 RF 382 86.8 445 93.3  
Source of income (N = 903)      
Salary 38 8.7 9 1.9 < 0.001
Pension, disability grant or other 54 12.3 34 7.3  
No income 347 79.0 421 90.7  
Social support (N = 917)      
Improved 77 17.5 63 13.2 .081
Poor 363 82.5 414 86.8  
Household characteristics      
Household monthly income (N = 883)      
17,500 RF or more 86 20.5 103 22.2 .566
Less than 17,500 RF 333 79.5 361 77.8  
  1. N = 917, 440 men and 477 women.