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Table 2 Descriptives of the Esping-Andersen group

From: Understanding the role of welfare state characteristics for health and inequalities – an analytical review

Descriptive measure N (author)
Data used  
  - OECD, WHO, UN 3 (Bambra, Kangas Zambon*)
  - Longitudinal data 3 (Harding*, Sekine*, Sacker*)
  - ESS 1 (Rostila)
  - Human mortality database 1 (Kangas)
  - World values survey 1 (Deeming & Hayes)
Health outcome  
  - Self-rated health 3 (Sacker*, Zambon*, Rostila)
  - Life expectancy 3 (Kangas, Raphael, Rostila)
  - Infant mortality 2 (Bambra, Raphael)
  - Mortality 1 (Harding*)
  - Change in life expectancy at birth 1 (Kangas)
  - Health symptom load 1 (Zambon*)
  - General wellbeing 1 (Zambon*)
  - Health behaviours 1 (Zambon*)
  - Self-reported happiness 1 (Deeming & Hayes)
  - The Short-Form 36:  
     Physical health 1 (Sekine*)
     Mental health. 1 (Sekine*)
Health outcome  
  - Morbidity 9
  - Mortality 7
Measures inequality (total) 4 (Harding*, Sekine*, Sacker*, Zambon*)
  - SEP (social class/SES) 3 (Sekine*, Sacker*, Zambon*)
  - Employment status 1 (Harding*)
  1. Many articles examined multiple outcomes and hence the number of studies using the different health outcomes (16) is greater than the number of studies (n = 9).
  2. Mortality measures include: life expectancy, infant mortality, mortality rate, change in life expectancy at birth.
  3. Morbidity measures include: self-rated health, self-reported happiness, health symptom load, general well-being, health behaviours, physical and mental health functioning.
  4. * = Studies with an inequalities perspective.