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Table 1 Summary of baseline categorical risk factors

From: The impact of a cardiovascular health awareness program (CHAP) on reducing blood pressure: a prospective cohort study

Risk factors All participants (n = 13596) Participants with only 1 visit (n = 9531) Participants with 2 visits (n = 1567) Participants with more than 2 visits (n = 2498)
   Count Percentage Count Percentage Count Percentage Count Percentage
Gender Male 4987 36.7% 3525 37.2% 580 37.0% 865 34.6%
Age ≥ 65 years old 8495 62.5% 5432 57.0% 1119 71.5% 1944 77.8%
BP level High 3975 29.3% 2744 28.8% 429 27.4% 802 32.2%
Previous TIA? Yes 893 7.3% 581 6.7% 106 7.6% 198 8.9%
Previous stroke? Yes 370 3.0% 239 2.8% 42 3.0% 85 3.8%
Previous heart attack? Yes 1101 8.9% 750 8.7% 139 10.0% 208 9.4%
High cholesterol? Yes 5048 41.1% 3433 39.8% 608 43.6% 976 44.2%
Diabetes? Yes 1968 16.0% 1349 15.6% 216 15.5% 397 18.0%
Hypertension? Yes 6636 54.0% 4377 50.8% 819 58.8% 1408 63.7%
Currently smoking? Yes 1424 11.6% 1115 12.9% 132 9.5% 172 7.8%
How many times eating high fat food weekly? 3 or more 1247 10.1% 922 10.7% 124 8.9% 196 8.8%
1-2 times 7099 57.7% 4996 57.9% 819 58.8% 1252 56.5%
Zero 3953 32.1% 2717 31.5% 451 32.4% 768 34.7%
2+ alcoholic drinks daily? Yes 1003 8.2% 734 8.5% 110 7.9% 157 7.1%
5+ servings of fruit and vegetable? Yes 7482 61.2% 5126 59.8% 855 61.7% 1463 66.5%
Adding salt to food? Often 1693 13.8% 1278 14.9% 165 11.9% 237 10.7%
Sometimes 3059 25.0% 2140 24.9% 351 25.3% 554 25.1%
Rarely 7476 61.1% 5160 60.2% 874 62.9% 1415 64.1%
Feeling stressed? Often 2033 16.6% 1513 17.6% 217 15.7% 292 13.2%
Sometimes 4553 37.2% 3210 37.4% 503 36.3% 821 37.3%
Rarely 5645 46.2% 3865 45.0% 665 48.0% 1091 49.5%
Daily exercise? Yes 9563 77.7% 6701 77.5% 1087 77.8% 1732 78.1%
Live alone? Yes 3615 29.4% 2328 27.0% 456 32.6% 1398 36.8%
  1. BP = blood pressure; TIA = transient ischemic attack.