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Table 5 Adjusted odds ratios for Helicobacter pylori positivity for various risk factors by sex

From: Prevalence and risk factors of helicobacter pylori in Turkey: a nationally-representative, cross-sectional, screening with the 13C-Urea breath test

  Sex
  Men Women
Variables B P OR CI 95% B P OR CI 95%
Age -0.013 0.009 0.987 0.977, 0.997 -0.013 0.005 0.987 0.978, 0.996
Education           
  High school +         1.0   
  No education       0.813 0.000 2.254 1.517, 3.350
  Primary complete       0.762 0.000 2.142 1.593, 2.880
  Secondary complete       0.679 0.006 1.971 1.213, 3.203
Marital Status           
  Never married    1.0      1.0   
  Widowed/Divorced 0.450 0.242 1.568 0.738, 3.335 0.294 0.209 1.342 0.848, 2.122
  Currently married 0.551 0.005 1.735 1.182, 2.547 0.537 0.000 1.712 1.272, 2.304
Social Security           
  Emekli sandigi    1.0      1.0   
  Private/foreign 0.541 0.428 1.718 0.451, 6.546 -1.216 0.023 0.296 0.104, 0.848
  BAG-KUR 0.385 0.083 1.469 0.951, 2.269 -0.186 0.339 0.831 0.568, 1.215
  SSK 0.768 0.000 2.155 1.478, 3.140 0.276 0.110 1.317 0.940, 1.847
  None 0.894 0.000 2.444 1.632, 3.661 0.178 0.340 1.194 0.829, 1.720
  Green Card 0.593 0.068 1.809 0.956, 3.422 0.302 0.290 1.353 0.773, 2.369
Housing Tenure           
  Owned by household members    1.0        
  Rented 0.276 0.109 1.317 0.940, 1.845      
  Lodging/no money paid 0.692 0.034 1.997 1.055, 3.779      
Source of Drinking Water           
  Bottled water/demijohn/pet    1.0      1.0   
  Piped water 0.418 0.023 1.518 1.060, 2.174 0.684 0.000 1.981 1.477, 2.657
  Spring/public fountain 0.073 0.763 1.076 0.669, 1.728 0.901 0.000 2.461 1.644, 3.684
  Other (river. rain water etc.) 0.808 0.012 2.244 1.198, 4.204 0.438 0.050 1.550 1.001, 2.402
Smoking           
  Never    1.0        
  Tried at past. currently non-smoker 0.167 0.381 1.182 0.813, 1.719      
  Tried at past. currently occasional smoker -0.073 0.792 0.929 0.539, 1.602      
  Regular smoker 0.449 0.017 1.566 1.083, 2.264      
Alcohol           
  Regular consumer    1.0        
  Tried at past. currently drinking occasionally 0.731 0.009 2.078 1.202, 3.590      
  Tried at past. currently non-drinker 0.764 0.009 2.148 1.214, 3.799      
  Never 0.779 0.007 2.180 1.243, 3.822      
Region           
  South    1.0        
  West 0.423 0.032 1.526 1.037, 2.246      
  North 0.451 0.118 1.570 0.891, 2.764      
  Central 0.653 0.002 1.922 1.258, 2.936      
  East 0.816 0.002 2.262 1.353, 3.782      
Constant -0.404 0.388 0.668    0.335 0.172 1.398   
  1. Variables entered in the model: age, residence, region, marital status, education, social security, occupation, housing tenure, source of drinking water, the number of the household per sleeping room, smoking, alcohol consumption.