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Table 3 Reported outcomes of HIA

From: The effectiveness of health impact assessment in influencing decision-making in Australia and New Zealand 2005–2009

Direct/proximal Indirect/distal
Inform Technical learning
  Decision making   Literature reviews
  Future decisions   Use of data
  Implementation   Assessment of evidence
  Adapted   Capacity building
Modify Conceptual learning
  Decisions   Social determinants of health
  Related decisions   Relationship between their area and health
  Follow on decisions   Perceptions of usefulness of HIA
  Implementation   Use of evidence
  Awareness (decision makers, wider community)
Expand decision making Social learning
  Inclusion of health/ determinants of health   Partnerships/relationships
  Decision making processes