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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of study participants

From: Epidemiology and awareness of hypertension in a rural Ugandan community: a cross-sectional study

  Women Men Total
(N = 1245) (N = 1007) (N = 2252)
   N (%)  
Age (years)    
18–29 478 (38.4%) 448 (44.5%) 926 (41.1%)
30–44 415 (33.3%) 315 (31.3%) 730 (32.4%)
45–59 194 (15.6%) 151 (15.0%) 345 (15.3%)
≥ 60 158 (12.7%) 93 (9.2%) 251 (11.2%)
Marital status a    
Single 172 (14.6%) 300 (32.7%) 472 (22.5%)
Married (ever) 1009 (85.4%) 618 (67.3%) 1627 (77.5%)
BMI (kg/m 2 ) b    
≤ 25 892 (71.7%) 923 (91.7%) 1815 (80.6%)
25 – 30 243 (19.5%) 68 (6.8%) 311 (13.8%)
≥ 30 110 (8.8%) 15 (1.5%) 125 (5.5%)
Occupation    
Unemployed 158 (12.7%) 176 (17.5%) 334 (14.8%)
Manual 1014 (81.4%) 758 (75.3%) 1772 (78.7%)
Sedentary 73 (5.9%) 73 (7.2%) 146 (6.5%)
Education level    
No school 310 (24.9%) 94 (9.3%) 404 (17.9%)
Primary 651 (52.3%) 532 (52.8%) 1183 (52.5%)
Secondary 222 (17.8%) 297 (29.5%) 519 (23.1%)
Tertiary and beyond 62 (5.0%) 84 (8.3%) 146 (6.5%)
Acres of land owned c    
None 142 (12.4%) 96 (10.2%) 238 (11.4%)
≤ 1 282 (24.5%) 157 (16.6%) 439 (21.0%)
1–5 484 (42.1%) 370 (39.2%) 854 (40.8%)
≥ 5 242 (21.0%) 322 (34.1%) 564 (26.9%)
Current tobacco use    
No 1208 (97.0%) 783 (77.8%) 1991 (88.4%)
Yes 37 (3.0%) 224 (22.2%) 261 (11.6%)
Alcohol use (drinks consumed per month) d    
None 986 (79.3%) 527 (52.4%) 1513 (67.3%)
0–10 196 (15.7%) 236 (23.5%) 432 (19.2%)
≥ 10 62 (5.0%) 242 (24.1%) 304 (13.5%)
HIV    
Negative 1107 (88.9%) 923 (91.7%) 2030 (90.1%)
Positive 138 (11.1%) 84 (8.3%) 222 (9.9%)
Random plasma glucose (mmol/L) e    
0–7 1101 (88.7%) 895 (89.2%) 1996 (88.9%)
7–11 126 (10.2%) 103 (10.3%) 229 (10.2%)
≥ 11.1 14 (1.1%) 5 (0.5%) 19 (0.9%)
Family history f    
No 962 (79.5%) 798 (81.6%) 1760 (80.4%)
Yes 248 (20.5%) 180 (18.4%) 428 (19.6%)
Blood pressure (BP) (mm Hg)    
Systolic Blood Pressure Mean (SD) 122.5 (18.6) 125.5 (16.7) 123.8 (17.9)
Diastolic Blood Pressure Mean (SD) 74.9 (12.1) 74.8 (11.7) 74.9 (11.9)
Hypertension (elevated BP or taking antihypertensives) 192 (15.4%) 162 (16.1%) 354 (15.7%)
BP ≥140/≥90 mm Hg 170 (13.7%) 155 (15.4%) 325 (14.4%)
Stage 1 (140–159/90–99) 104 (8.4%) 108 (10.7%) 212 (9.4%)
Stage 2 (≥160/≥100) 66 (5.3%) 47 (4.7%) 113 (5.0%)
Self-reported hypertension 164 (13.2%) 60 (6.0%) 224 (10.0%)
Awareness (if hypertensive, N = 354) 97 (50.5%) 38 (23.5%) 135 (38.1%)
Receiving treatment (if hypertensive, N = 354) 55 (28.6%) 18 (11.1%) 73 (20.6%)
BP controlled (if receiving treatment, N = 73) 22 (40.0%) 7 (38.9%) 29 (39.7%)
  1. aN = 2099, female = 1181, male = 918.
  2. bN = 2251, female = 1245, male = 1006.
  3. cN = 2095, female = 1150, male = 945.
  4. dN = 2249, female = 1244, male = 1005.
  5. eN = 2244, female = 1241, male = 1003.
  6. fN = 2188, female = 1210, male = 978.