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Table 2 Risk factors for CVD in accordance with the INTERHEART study

From: Cardiovascular disease in relation to diabetes status in immigrants from the Middle East compared to native Swedes: a cross-sectional study

  Total study population (N = 1,695) Born in Iraq (N = 1,113) Born in Sweden (N = 582)  
Risk factor Model I SD OR Model II SD OR Model II SD OR
  OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI  
Born in Iraq 0.7 0.4 1.6   -     -  
Age 1.1*** 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.2*** 1.0 1.1 2.3 1.1 0.9 1.1  
Male sex 1.6 0.8 3.1   2.5 0.8 7.6   1.2 0.4 2.8  
T2D 4.1*** 2.0 8.3 1.4 6.8*** 2.8 16.2 1.6 1.2 0.2 6.4  
History of hypertension 3.7*** 2.0 6.9 1.5 3.3** 1.4 7.8 1.4 6.2*** 2.2 17.3 1.9
Abdominal obesity 0.6 0.3 1.2   0.7 0.2 1.8   0.6 0.2 1.8  
Elevated p-LDL/p-HDL ratio 0.8 0.4 1.8   0.9 0.3 2.5   0.6 0.1 2.7  
Tobacco smoking 2.3** 1.3 4.2 1.4 2.2 0.9 5.0   2.0 0.8 5.1  
Alcohol consumption 0.9 0.5 1.8   1.6 0.6 3.8   0.5 0.2 1.3  
Physical activity <4 h/week 1.1 0-6 1.8   1.3 0.4 3.8   1.2 0.5 3.0  
Intake of fruit or vegetables < once daily 1.1 0.6 1.8   0.8 0.3 1.7   1.4 0.6 3.3  
Depression 0.8 0.3 2.0   0.5 0.1 1.7   4.9 0.9 25.4  
Stress 2.5** 1.3 4.7 1.5 2.1 0.8 5.1   3.4** 1.3 8.8 1.6
Two or more life events 1.2 0.6 2.5   1.7 0.7 4.3   0.7 0.2 2.2  
Economic difficulties 0.7 0.3 1.4   0.4* 0.2 0.16 0.6 2.6 0.8 8.9  
  1. * p ≤ 0.001 ** p ≤ 0.010*** p ≤ 0.050.
  2. Data was assessed using multivariate logistic regression analysis presenting odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Regression coefficients were standardized to a unit variance for the independent variables and the proportionality of risk ratios was estimated using standardized odds ratios (SD ORs).
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