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Table 6 Bivariate and multivariate analyses of factor associated with risk perceptions of getting HIV among sexually experienced adolescents in LNT province

From: Risk perceptions of STIs/HIV and sexual risk behaviours among sexually experienced adolescents in the Northern part of Lao PDR

Factors No risk % Low risk % Medium risk % High risk % Crude Adjusted
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Sex
 Female 53.4 14.7 15.5 16.4 1   1  
 Male 63.3 18.8 9.8 8.2 0.6** 0.4-0.8 0.5** 0.3-0.8
Age
 14–15 yrs 53.3 18.1 13.7 14.8 1   1  
 16–19 yrs 61.5 15.9 12.0 10.6 0.7 0.5-1.01 0.7 0.5-1.2
Ethnicity
 Non-Akha 53.3 22.7 14.7 9.3 1   1  
 Akha 59.3 15.7 12.3 12.7 0.9 0.6-1.4 0.6 0.3-1.1
Level of education
 Never go to school 53.3 17.7 10.3 18.7 1   1  
 Primary school 59.6 16.3 12.9 11.2 0.7 0.5-1.1 0.8 0.5-1.3
 Secondary school & higher 60.1 16.8 14.0 9.1 0.7 0.4-1.1 0.7 0.4-1.3
Living arrangement
 Family 58.5 16.6 12.6 12.3 1   NA  
 Others 53.8 23.1 15.4 7.7 1.1 0.4-2.9   
Knowledge on STIs
Mean (SD) 3.0 (1.40) 4.0 (1.94) 4.0 (1.85) 3.7 (1.40)     
Min: Max 0: 9 1: 9 0: 10 1: 7 1.3*** 1.2-1.5 1.3*** 1.2-1.5
Knowledge on HIV /AIDS
Mean (SD) 3.2 (1.96) 4.3 (2.13) 3.6 (1.68) 3.1 (1.86)     
Min: Max 0: 8 0: 8 0: 8 0: 8 1.1* 1.0-1.2 1.1* 1.1-1.4
Self-efficacy
Mean (SD) 29.1 (12.95) 33.9 (11.27) 31.4 (10.94) 31.2 (12.48)     
Min: Max 0: 65 8: 64 10: 56 4 50 1.01 0.99-1.03 NA  
Peer sexual norms
 Mean (SD) 5.7 (3.12) 5.0 (2.75) 4.6 (2.78) 5.2     
 Min: Max 0: 14 0: 13 0: 12 (2.99) 0: 12 0.9* 0.86-0.97 0.95 0.89-1.02
Early age at first sex
 <15 years 54.5 17.8 11.9 15.8 1   1  
 >15 years 65.0 15.0 13.9 6.1 0.6* 0.4-0.9 0.9 0.6-1.5
Multiple sex partners
 1 person 52.1 16.1 16.7 15.1 1   1  
 > = 2 persons 62.3 17.2 10.1 10.4 0.6* 0.4-0.9 0.95 0.6-1.5
Custom sexual practice
 No 53.8 21.2 16.2 8.8 1   NA  
 Yes 59.3 15.9 11.9 12.9 0.9 0.6-1.4   
Anal sex
 No 57.7 16.9 12.9 12.5 1   NA  
 Yes 70.4 14.8 7.4 7.4 0.6 0.2-1.3   
Condom use during the last 6 months
 No 59.6 21.3 7.8 11.3 1   NA  
 Yes 57.1 13.5 14.3 15.1 1.2 0.8-2.0   
Having STIs symptoms        NA  
 No 58.5 16.9 12.7 11.9 1    
 Yes 55.0 15.0 10.0 20.0 1.3 0.5-3.0   
  1. *P < 0.05.
  2. **P < 0.005.
  3. ***P < 0.001.