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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariate ordinal analyses of factor associated with risk perceptions of getting STIs among sexually experienced adolescents in LNT province (N = 483)

From: Risk perceptions of STIs/HIV and sexual risk behaviours among sexually experienced adolescents in the Northern part of Lao PDR

Factors No risk % Low risk % Medium risk % High risk % Crude Adjusted
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Sex (n = 483)
 Female 52.1 14.3 17.2 16.4 1   1  
 Male 62.9 20.0 9.0 8.1 0.6** 0.4 – 0.8 0.5* 0.3 – 0.8
Age
 14–15 yrs 55.0 17.0 12.6 15.4 1   1  
 16–19 yrs 59.1 17.3 13.3 10.3 0.8 0.6-1.1 0.8 0.5-1.2
Ethnicity
 Non-Akha 52.0 25.3 13.3 9.4 1   1  
 Akha 58.6 15.7 13.0 12.7 0.9 0.6-1.4 0.5 0.3-0.9
Level of education
 Never go to school 52.3 15.0 15.9 16.8 1   1  
 Primary school 57.5 17.6 11.2 13.7 0.8 0.5-1.2 0.8 0.5-1.4
 Secondary school & higher 61.5 18.2 14.0 6.3 0.6* 0.4-0.98 0.7 0.4-1.2
 Living arrangement        NA  
 Family 57.0 17.2 13.4 12.4 1    
 Others 76.9 15.4 0 7.7 0.4 0.1-1.4   
Knowledge on STIs
 Mean (SD) 3.0 (1.44) 3.8 (1.91) 4.4 (1.77) 3.5 (1.26)     
 Min: Max 0: 9 0: 9 1: 10 1: 6 1.3*** 1.2-1.5 1.3*** 1.1-1.4
Knowledge on HIV/AIDS
 Mean (SD) 3.2 (1.91) 4.4 (2.17) 3.6 (1.95) 2.8 (1.60)     
 Min: Max 0: 8 0: 8 0: 8 0: 8 1.1 0.97-1.2 NA  
Self-efficacy
 Mean (SD) 29.3 (12.67) 33.2 (12.08) 31.6 (10.21) 30.2 (14.04)     
 Min: Max 0: 65 8: 64 11: 55 4: 50 1.01 0.99-1.03 NA  
Peer sexual norms
 Mean (SD) 5.6 (3.14) 5.7 (2.78) 4.4 (2.70) 5.0 (2.93)     
 Min: Max 0: 14 0: 12 0: 12 0: 12 0.9* 0.87-0.98 0.9 0.9-1.1
Early age at first sex
 <15 years 54.1 17.5 13.5 14.9 1   1  
 >15 years 63.3 16.7 12.2 7.8 0.7* 0.5-0.9 0.9 0.6-1.3
Multiple sex partners
 1 person 51.1 15.1 16.1 17.7 1   1  
 > = 2 persons 61.6 18.5 11.1 8.8 0.6* 0.4-0.8 0.8 0.5-1.3
Custom sexual practice        NA  
 No 50.0 25.0 16.3 8.7 1    
 Yes 59.1 15.6 12.4 12.9 0.8 0.5-1.3   
Anal sex        NA  
 No 57.7 17.3 12.9 12.1 1    
 Yes 55.6 14.8 14.8 14.8 1.1 0.5-2.4   
Condom use during the last 6 months
 No 60.3 22.0 9.2 8.5 1   NA  
 Yes 55.6 19.6 13.5 11.3 1.3 0.8-2.0   
Having STIs symptoms
 No 58.3 17.3 13.4 11/0 1   1  
 Yes 40.0 15.0 5.0 40.0 3.0* 1.2-7.2 3.1* 1.1-9.2
  1. *P < 0.05.
  2. **P < 0.005.
  3. ***P < 0.001.