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Table 4 Clusters of health behaviors, health outcomes and demographics, formed by Two Step Cluster Analysis (N = 2,690)

From: Clustering of health-related behaviors, health outcomes and demographics in Dutch adolescents: a cross-sectional study

  Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4
  35.6% 26.4% 19.8% 18.3%
Demographics characteristics     
Gender Girl (100%) Boys (100%) Mixed (58% Girls) Mixed (58% Girls)
Age 13.6 years 13.7 years 14.0 years 13.6 years
SES (FAS score)1 Normal to High (7.27) High (7.50) Normal (6.98) Low (6.38)
School level Average / Mixed Average / Mixed Average / Mixed Average / Mixed
Ethnicity Native Dutch (100%) Native Dutch (100%) Mixed (81% Native Dutch) Non- native Dutch (100%)
Health behaviors 2,3     
Factor 1: Risk-prone behavior Low (−0.16) Normal (0.09) High (0.48) Low (−0.24)
Factor 2: Bully behavior Low (−0.12) Low (−0.20) High (0.60) Low (−0.19)
Factor 3: Problematic screen time use Low (−0.39) High (0.26) High (0.29) Normal (0.02)
Factor 4: Sedentary behavior Normal (−0.06) Low (−0.20) High (0.18) High (0.27)
Health outcomes     
Weight status Normal BMI Normal BMI High BMI Normal to High BMI
Self-efficacy problems Normal GSE (100%) Normal GSE (100%) Problematic GSE (32%) Normal GSE (100%)
Psychosocial problems Normal SDQ (100%) Normal SDQ (100%) Problematic SDQ (71%) Normal SDQ (100%)
  1. 1Indications of low, medium and high are indicative of a relatively low, medium or high socioeconomic status in this particular sample of adolescents.
  2. 2A low score on a lifestyle factor score indicates less exertion of such behavior.
  3. 3All Factors are standardized regression scores with a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1.