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Table 1 Demographic characteristics for individuals living with and without diabetes by gender

From: Exploring differences in Canadian adult men and women with Diabetes management: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey

  Individuals without Diabetes Individuals with Diabetes
  Men weighted n = 11,193,611 Women weighted n = 11,357,005 Men weighted n = 826,176 Women weighted n = 679,897
  Proportion (95% CI) Proportion (95% CI) Proportion (95% CI) Proportion (95% CI)
Age         
  18-49 63.5 (62.9–64.1) 59.6 (59.0–60.3)* 18.3 (16.1–20.5) 20.7 (18.4–23.1)
  50–64 24.0 (23.5–24.6) 24.4 (23.8–25.0) 43.4 (40.7–46.1) 37.0 (34.4–39.6)*
  65+ 12.5 (12.3–12.6) 16.0 (15.8–16.2)* 38.3 (36.1–40.5) 42.3 (40.2–44.5)
Ethnicity         
  White 84.4 (83.6–85.1) 84.3 (83.7–84.9) 83.2 (79.8–20.3) 79.9 (76.7–83.1)
  Non-white 15.7 (15.0–16.4) 15.7 (15.1–16.3) 16.8 (13.4–20.3) 20.1 (16.7–23.3)
Education         
  Less than high school 6.6 (6.3–7.0) 7.8 (7.5–8.1)* 15.4 (13.2–17.6) 21.6 (19.6–23.6)*
  Completed high school 10.4 (9.9–10.8) 10.4 (10.0–10.9) 12.2 (10.7–13.8) 11.7 (10.2–13.3)
  Some post-secondary 5.6 (5.3–6.0) 5.9 (5.5–6.2) 5.5 (4.3–6.6) 5.4 (4.3–6.5)
  Post-secondary or more 77.4 (76.7–78.0) 75.9 (75.3–76.5)* 66.9 (64.3–69.5) 61.3 (58.7–64.0)*
Income Quintiles         
  First quintile 15.2 (14.6–15.8) 21.6 (21.0–22.2)* 26.4 (23.0–29.7) 38.6 (35.6–41.5)*
  Second quintile 18.5 (17.8–19.1) 20.9 (20.3–21.5)* 20.1 (18.1–22.2) 22.0 (19.7–24.4)
  Third quintile 19.8 (19.2–20.5) 20.0 (19.5–20.6) 20.0 (17.7–22.3) 20.0 (17.0–23.0)
  Fourth quintile 22.6 (21.9–23.2) 19.6 (19.0–20.2)* 18.9 (16.9–20.9) 11.6 (10.1–13.1)*
  Fifth quintile 23.9 (23.3–24.6) 17.9 (17.4–18.5)* 14.6 (12.8–16.5) 7.8 (6.6–9.1)*
Country of Birth         
  Born in Canada 76.3 (75.6–77.0) 76.2 (75.6–76.8) 70.6 (67.4–73.8) 70.0 (66.9–73.0)
  Born outside of Canada 23.7 (23.0–24.4) 23.8 (23.2–24.5) 29.4 (26.2–32.6) 30.1 (27.0–33.1)
Aboriginal Status         
  Yes, is an Aboriginal 3.1 (2.9–3.4) 3.0 (2.8–3.2) 3.2 (2.5–4.0) 4.2 (3.1–5.2)
  No, not an Aboriginal 96.9 (96.6–97.1) 97.0 (96.8–97.2) 96.8 (96.0–97.6) 95.9 (94.8–96.9)
Marital Status         
  Married/common-law 65.4 (64.7–66.2) 61.5 (60.9–62.1)* 77.0 (74.8–79.2) 56.6 (53.8–59.4)*
  Widowed/separated/divorced 7.9 (7.5–8.3) 17.1 (16.7–17.6)* 14.1 (12.5–15.7) 32.3 (30.1–34.4)*
  Single/never-married 26.7 (26.1–27.2) 21.4 (20.9–21.9)* 8.9 (7.5–10.3) 11.2 (9.3–13.0)
Urban or Rural Region         
  Live in an urban area 81.5 (80.8–82.1) 82.7 (82.2–83.2)* 80.1 (78.3–81.8) 81.1 (79.5–82.6)
  Live in a rural area 18.5 (17.9–19.2) 17.3 (16.8–17.9)* 19.9 (18.2–21.7) 18.9 (17.4–20.5)
  1. *Estimates between men and women with diabetes or between men and women without diabetes are significantly different, based on non-overlapping 95% confidence intervals (CIs).