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Table 2 Comparison between Concerned Significant Others in both waves and CSOs in only Wave I (unweighted) a

From: The concerned significant others of people with gambling problems in a national representative sample in Sweden – a 1 year follow-up study

   Proportions in sample OR Proportions in sample OR
   Male non-CSOs (n = 303) Male CSOs (n = 342) (95% CI) Female non-CSOs (n = 253) Female CSOs (n = 329) (95% CI)
Health Problem gambling (PGSI 3+) 5.9 (18) 8.5 (29) 1.5 (0.8–2.7)ns 2.4 (6) 4.6 (15) 2.0 (0.7–5.1)ns
Good health 85.5 (259) 88.9 (304) 1.4 (0.9–2.2)ns 79.0 (199) 76.9 (253) 0.9 (0.6–1.3)ns
Mental health problems (Kessler 6) 37.5 (113) 47.4 (161) 1.4 (1.1–2.1)* 54.6 (136) 66.4 (213) 1.7 (1.2–2.4)**
Risky alcohol behavior (AUDIT) 35.2 (106) 38.2 (130) 1.1 (0.8–1.6)ns 12.7 (32) 17.5 (57) 1.4 (0.9–2.3)ns
Financial hardship Difficulties paying bills 12.8 (36) 15.4 (49) 1.2 (0.8–2.0)ns 21.5 (49) 30.5 (93) 1.6 (1.1–2.4)*
Life events in last 12 months More arguments with someone close 10.0 (30) 16.7 (57) 1.8 (1.2–2.9)*** 16.8 (42) 29.8 (97) 2.1 (1.4–3.2)***
Divorce or separation 11.3 (34) 13.5 (46) 1.2 (0.8–2.0)ns 11.2 (28) 14.8 (48) 1.4 (0.8–2.3)ns
Problems at work 11.2 (29) 13.8 (42) 1.2 (0.8–2.1)ns 15.2 (32) 21.6 (59) 1.5 (0.9–2.5)ns
Legal problems 6.9 (21) 12.4 (42) 1.4 (1.1–3.3)* 7.2 (18) 11.4 (37) 1.6 (0.9–3.0)ns
Death of someone close 27.2 (82) 29.5 (101) 1.1 (0.8–1.6)ns 23.1 (58) 34 (111) 1.7 (1.2–2.5)**
  1. Chi-square test and logistic regressiona.
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  3. aBold text indicate significant findings.