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Table 4 Policy and outcomes for child health care

From: A comparative analysis of early child health and development services and outcomes in countries with different redistributive policies

Policy Sweden Netherlands Canada United States Cuba
Acute care General practitioners, paediatricians Family physicians, paediatricians Family physicians, paediatricians, nurse practitioners, emergency physicians Family physicians, paediatricians, nurse practitioners, emergency physicians Polyclinics
Preventive care Public health nurses, general practitioners, paediatricians Public health physicians and specialized nurses Family physicians, paediatricians, nurse practitioners, public health nurses Paediatricians, family physicians, nurse practitioners Polyclinics
Number of recommended preventive care visits and approximate cost per child per year (USD) [41] 20 visits in the first 18 months ($275-1000) 10 visits in the first 18 months ($150) 6 recommended and 4 optional in the first 18 months ($140) 8 recommended visits in the first 18 months (costs vary based on health insurance plan co-payments and whether preventive visits are included in the deductible) Children receive between 104 and 208 stimulation and development monitoring sessions up to the age of 2 yearsNo data on costs
Outcomes
Service coverage rate preventive visits (Sweden 2008; Netherlands 2007) [42, 43] 99% 95% No equivalent data No equivalent data No equivalent data
Under 5 years mortality per 1000 live births (2010) [44] 3 4 6 8 6
Vaccination coverage (2010) [44]      
DPT1 99% 99% 92% 99% 98%
DPT3 98% 97% 80% 95% 96%
Polio3 98% 97% 80% 93% 99%
Measles 96% 96% 93% 92% 99%
Hib3 98% 97% 80% 93% 96%