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Table 3 Outcomes of CT and NG outreach programs targeting MSM, sex workers and other populations (n=12)

From: Outreach for chlamydia and gonorrhoea screening: a systematic review of strategies and outcomes

Author, year Country Target group Target setting Participation rate n (%) Specimen return method Specimens returned (n) % tested (%) CT positive NG positive Treatment rate n (%)
         n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI)  
Blank, 2005 [34] USA MSM in bars and clubs Social venue . In person 183 41.1% 2 1.1% (0.1 -3.9) 1 0.5% (0 – 3.0) .
Buhrer-Skinner, 2009 [22] Australia Travellers staying in backpacker accommodation Social venue 65 In person 65 . 5 7.7% (2.5 – 17.0) . . 5 (100%)
Emerson, 2010 [30] UK MSM attending two venues Sex venue 173 In person . 96.5% 5 3% (1.0 – 6.8) . . .
Grimley, 2006 [35] USA People at homeless shelters Service venue 416 (96.7%) In person . 98.6% 32 10.8% (7.5-14.9) 12 4.1% (2.1-7.0) 40 (91%)
Lewis, 2008 [36] South Africa Settlement dwellers Street or community area 309 In person 301 97.4% 26 8.6% (5.7 – 12.4) 19 6.3 (3.8-9.7) .
Lister, 2005 [31] Australia MSM attending four sex on premises venues Sex venues 161 (10.4%) In person . 89.4% 16 11.1% (6.5 -17.4) 16 11.1% (6.5 – 17.4) . (100%)
MSM attending four sex on premises venues Sex venues 521 (24.3%) In person . . . . . . .
McNeely, 2010 [32] USA MSM attending bars and clubs were sex takes place Sex venue 1694 In person 934 55.1% . . . . .
O’Byrne, 2008 [33] Canada MSM attending two bathhouses Sex venue . Pick up/drop off 52 . 0 0 (0 – 7.4) 0 0 (0–7.4) .
Rusch, 2008 [37] Canada Women and transgender at a community centre Service venue 126 In person 92 73% 2 2.2% (0.3 – 7.9) 0 0 (0–4.0) .
Wi, 2006 [38] Philippines Street based female sex workers (FSW) Street or community area 100 In person 100 . 35 35% (25.7–45.2) 23 23% (15.2– 32.5) .
   FSW in Karaoke bars Social venue 100   100 . 18 18% (11 – 26.9) 8 8% (3.5 – 15.2) .