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Table 5 Application of the technology dimension of the IBM-WASH framework to community-based chlorine dispensers

From: The Integrated Behavioural Model for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: a systematic review of behavioural models and a framework for designing and evaluating behaviour change interventions in infrastructure-restricted settings

  Technology factors Example for chlorine dispensers
Societal/Structural Manufacturing, financing and distribution, current and past national policies and promotion of products • Manufacturing capacity for chlorine (powder or liquid)
• Distribution and delivery of supplies to refill and maintain chlorine dispensers
Community Location, availability, individual vs. collective ownership/access and maintenance of the product • Position of dispensers near community or private water points
• Ownership and accountability for maintaining, refilling, and/or repairing dispensers
Interpersonal/Household Sharing of access to product, modelling/demonstration of use of product • Restrictions on access to chlorine dispensers
• Dispensers placed in public/open location to allow for modelling and observation of the behaviour
Individual Perceived cost, value, convenience and other strengths and weaknesses of the product • Fees or payments for chlorine dispenser access
• Negative reaction to chlorine smell in drinking water
• Low perceived need
Habitual Ease / Effectiveness of routine use of product • High perceived effectiveness of chlorine
• Convenient access at time of water collection, visible cues to action re: water treatment