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Table 5 Prevalence (%) of perceived stress expressed as pressure and demands, activation/high tempo and sleep problems during the previous weeks in girls and boys

From: Subjective health complaints in older adolescents are related to perceived stress, anxiety and gender – a cross-sectional school study in Northern Sweden

Perceived stress indexes ª Girls (%) Boys (%) P-value
  Never/seldom Sometimes Often/always Never/seldom Sometimes Often/always  
Pressure and Demands variables ª        
I don’t have enough time 28.4 38.3 33.4 39.4 38.4 22.3 0.000
I feel under pressure from school demands 9.8 26.6 63.6 26.1 35.5 38.5 0.000
I feel helpless 58.9 27.1 14.0 79.0 16.3 4.7 0.000
I never feel really free 19.8 25.5 54.7 37.1 27.2 35.6 0.000
I feel under pressure from demands at home 63.0 20.6 16.4 74.2 13.9 11.9 0.003
I feel under pressure from my inner demands 18.3 25.7 56.1 38.9 33.2 28.0 0.000
I don’t feel rested after sleep 20.7 29.7 49.6 34.6 28.0 37.4 0.000
Activation/High tempo variables ª        
I rush even if I don’t have to 35.0 33.7 31.3 62.6 26.8 10.7 0.000
I keep a high speed all the day 35.9 39.6 24.5 62.4 23.8 13.9 0.000
I eat rapidly even if I don’t have to 31.7 29.4 39.0 43.1 25.0 32.0 0.006
I do many things at the same time 13.0 34.1 52.8 28.0 40.8 31.2 0.000
I find it difficult to relax 27.1 39.8 33.1 57.3 28.5 14.1 0.000
Sleep problems variables ª        
I sleep restlessly and shallow 60.1 25.2 14.6 77.5 16.9 5.7 0.000
I have difficulty falling asleep 40.0 32.1 28.0 54.7 22.3 23 0.000
I wake up early in the morning 72.6 16.1 11.4 83.6 9.4 6.9 0.000
I feel restless 28.4 50.4 21.2 36.7 47.1 16.1 0.035
  1. Response alternatives were “never/seldom”, “sometimes” and “often/always” (Chi2 test with p-values for between group differences).
  2. ªPerceived stress index included variables yielded from factor analysis. (see Table 2).
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