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Table 1 Major characteristics of the sample population

From: Out-of-pocket healthcare payments on chronic conditions impoverish urban poor in Bangalore, India

Households (n=9299)
   Households that reported chronic condition (n=3202) Households that did not report chronic condition (n=6097)
Income per month in INR - [Median (range)] Household Income 12000 (0, 205000) 9000 (14, 195000)
Per capita income 2500 (0, 60001) 2250 (2.8, 43333.3)
 First quintile 1250 (0, 1583.3) 1200 (2.8, 1480)
 Second quintile 1952.4 (1600, 2181.8) 1600 (1500, 1950)
 Third quintile 2500 (2200, 2925) 2250 (2000, 2657.1)
 Fourth quintile 3333.3 (3000, 3916.7) 3000 (2666.7, 3750)
 Fifth quintile 5000 (4000, 60001) 5000 (3800, 43333.3)
Poverty status – as per the ration card [n (percentage)] Above the poverty line 1972 (61.6) 2683 (44.3)
Below the poverty line 242 (7.6) 725 (12.0)
No ration card 988 (30.9) 2643 (43.6)
Household size [mean (SD)]   5.2 (2.3) 4.6 (1.8)
Religion [n (percentage)] Islam 2178 (68.3) 3381 (64.2)
Hinduism 666 (20.9) 1468 (24.3)
Christianity 352 (11.0) 677 (11.2)
Others 2 (0.1) 17 (0.3)
Chronic Conditions (n=3902)
Type of the health services as place for consultation*
[n (percentage)]
Government 742 (19.6)
Private 3040 (80.1)
Levels of the health services
[n (percentage)]
Clinics/Health centres 1621 (41.5)
Hospitals 1466 (37.6)
Super-specialty hospitals 695 (17.78)
  1. *Number of ailments treated in government and private sector does not add up to the total (i.e. 3902) because, for 120 ailment instances, individuals either used self-medication or did not seek care.
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