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Table 5 Hazard Ratio (HR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) for risk of all-cause, cancer-specific, and circulatory death, stratified by race/ethnicity

From: Ability of a biomarker-based score to predict death from circulatory disease and cancer in NHANES III

  Total
     All-cause      Cancer      Circulatory
HR 95%CI HR 95%CI HR 95%CI
Non-Hispanic white
Score=0 1.00 Ref 1.00 Ref 1.00 Ref
Score=1 1.17 1.04, 1.31 1.03 0.83, 1.28 1.31 1.09, 1.57
Score=2 1.98 1.64, 2.39 1.25 0.88, 1.99 2.44 1.70, 3.03
Score=3 3.11 2.31, 4.19 1.39 0.88, 2.18 3.43 1.62, 7.26
Score=4 9.51 6.40, 14.14 7.80 5.09, 11.95 10.50 5.38, 20.47
P for trend <0.001 0.154 <0.001
Non-Hispanic black
Score=0 1.00 Ref 1.00 Ref 1.00 Ref
Score=1 1.45 1.23, 1.71 1.53 1.09, 2.15 1.30 1.04, 1.61
Score=2 1.77 1.38, 2.26 1.42 0.89, 2.29 1.49 1.02, 2.16
Score=3 4.86 3.38, 6.99 6.76 3.64, 12.55 3.19 1.77, 5.76
Score=4 3.76 1.41, 10.04 4.39 0.75, 25.52 2.46 0.46, 13.21
P for trend <0.001 <0.001 0.001
Mexican American
Score=0 1.00 Ref 1.00 Ref 1.00 Ref
Score=1 1.04 0.85, 1.27 0.55 0.26, 1.14 1.15 0.80, 1.65
Score=2 1.31 0.87, 1.98 0.47 1.19, 1.16 1.35 0.86, 2.10
Score=3 3.65 1.93, 6.89 3.40 0.95, 12.11 2.72 1.34, 5.52
Score=4 11.79 5.85, 23.78    14.45 6.17, 33.84
P for trend 0.002 0.356 0.007
  1. All models were adjusted for age, gender, poverty to income ratio, smoking behavior, alcohol consumption, vigorous physical activity, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and BMI.