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Table 1 Characteristics of studied population according to immigration status, ORISCAV-LUX survey, 2007-2008

From: Acculturation, immigration status and cardiovascular risk factors among Portuguese immigrants to Luxembourg: findings from ORISCAV-LUX study

  Portuguese 1st generation % (N) Portuguese 2nd generation % (N) Luxembourgers % (N) P value†
n 169 22 652  
Age (years) (n 843) * 40.54 ±17 30.6 ± 7 47.71 ± 21 <0.0001a, b, c
Gender     0.092
  Men (n 410) 55 (93) 59.1 (13) 46.6 (304)  
  Women (n 433) 45 (76) 40.9 (9) 53.4 (348)  
Education level (%)     <0.0001a, b
  Primary (n 245) 67.7 (113) 13.6 (3) 20 (129)  
  Secondary (n 418) 28.7 (48) 54.5 (12) 55.6 (358)  
  Tertiary (n 170) 3.6 (6) 31.8 (7) 24.4 (157)  
Economic status (%)     <0.0001a, b
  below poverty threshold (n 144) 44.4 (68) 16.7 (3) 13.2 (73)  
  above poverty threshold (n 578) 55.6 (85) 83.3 (15) 86.8 (478)  
Work status     <0.0001a, b, c
  Employed (n 524) 74.6 (126) 81.8 (18) 58.4 (380)  
  Non-employed (n 76) 7.1 (12) 18.2 (4) 9.2 (60)  
  Housewife (n 107) 8.3 (14) 0 (0) 14.3 (93)  
  Retired (n 135) 10.1 (17) 0 (0) 18.1 (118)  
Total dietary calories (Kcal) (n 796)* 2121.63 ± 1006 2307.06 ±1353 2274.18 ±1153 0.032b
Fat (% Kcal) (n 791) 35.43 ± 6.88 37.54 ± 4.93 39.13 ± 7.05 <0.0001b
Carbohydrates (% Kcal) (n 791) 43.84 ± 7.45 44.22 ± 6.21 41.95 ± 7.44 0.009b
Fibers (g/day) (n 796) * 22.3 ±12 20 ± 18 23.5 ± 13 0.207
  1. Data are expressed as means ± SD, otherwise median (Inter-quartile interval) is indicated as*.
  2. P values are from X 2 tests for categorical variables, whereas ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis were used for normally and non-normally distributed continuous variables, respectively.
  3. † P-value indicates the comparison between the 3 groups.
  4. a indicates that the P-value is significant when comparing Portuguese 1st generation to Portuguese 2nd generation.
  5. b indicates that the P-value is significant when comparing Portuguese 1st generation to Luxembourgers.
  6. C indicates that the P-value is significant when comparing Portuguese 2nd generation to Luxembourgers.