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Table 2 Summary of significant socio-demographics and behavioural factors related to non-participation

From: Non-participation in population-based disease prevention programs in general practice

Factor (n studies used) # N studies stat. sig. (%) Non-participation vaccination Non-participation early detection of disease Non-participation identification high risk of a disease
Age (20) [9, 1214, 1820, 22, 2426, 2833, 3538] 15 (75%) Younger [24, 26] Older [18] Younger [9, 12, 19, 20, 29, 30] Youngest and oldest [28] Older [32] Younger [33, 36, 38] Older [37]
Sex (17) [9, 1214, 1822, 2426, 3033, 35, 36, 38] 9 (53%) Female [18, 21] Male [12, 19, 20, 30] Female [38] Male [33, 36]
SES(−related factors) * (8) [15, 18, 25, 27, 28, 32, 33, 35] 4 (50%) Low [18] High [25] Low [15] Low [33]
Behavioural factors (6) [13, 22, 24, 25, 28, 32] 6 (100%) Lack of relevance [24] Lack of net benefit [24, 25] Low perceived severity [25] Barriers [25] (to much trouble, being against vaccination) Previous non-participation [22, 24] Stronger belief that physician wants women to attend screening [28] Less strong feeling a personal moral obligation [28] Higher treatment control [13] Lower negative emotional perceptions [13] Lower perceived benefit [32]  
  1. SES(−related factors) *: Socioeconomic status (SES), education, employment, income.
  2. # in case of use of a variable in both trial and sub study in the same population, the variable is included only once.