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Table 3 Sexual behaviour and partnerships prior to formal sex-work

From: Characterizing sexual histories of women before formal sex-work in south India from a cross-sectional survey: implications for HIV/STI prevention

  Traditional sex-work (Devadasi) N=246% (95%, CI) Non-Devadasi, N=765% (95%, CI) p
Age of first sexual partner    
<20 11.4 (7.4,17.2) 21.2 (18.3,24.4)  
20-40 83.3 (77.0,88.2) 78.2 (74.9,81.1)  
40-60 3.7 (1.8,7.2) 0.3 (0,1.1)  
Do not know/recall 1.6 (0.6,4.6) 0.4 (0.1,1.2) <0.001
Relationship with first-sexual partner    
Boyfriend 13.8 (9.8,19.2) 10.0 (7.3,12.7)  
Husband 1.6 (0.5,5.4) 80.7 (77.8,83.2)  
Neighbour 9.4 (6.0,14.4) 5.4 (3.7,7.7)  
Client/Dedication partner 75.2 (67.0,81.9) 4.3 (2.9,6.3) <0.001
First sexual partner became a long-term partner 48.4 (40.8,56.0) 90.1 (87.6,92.1) <0.001
Total number of sexual partners during transition period (including first-sex)    
1 61.4(54.9,67.5) 50.6(45.7,55.5)  
2 21.1(16.1,27.2) 23.9(20.3,28.0)  
≥3 17.5(12.8,23.4) 25.5(21.2,30.4) <0.03
Total number of long-term partners during transition period (including first-sex)    
0 30.9(24.4,38.3) 4.4(3.1,6.4)  
1 39.0(33.1,45.3) 51.0(46.0,55.9)  
2 19.5(14.4,25.9) 30.5(26.8,34.4)  
≥3 10.6(6.9,15.8) 14.1(11.3,17.5) <0.001
Total number of occasional partners during transition period (including first-sex)    
0 82.5(76.4,87.3) 81.8(76.8,86.0)  
1 11.0(7.7,15.4) 8.6(6.6,11.2)  
2 3.3(1.7,6.1) 5.8(3.9,8.4)  
≥3 3.3(1.3,7.8) 3.8(2.0,7.1) 0.4
Condom use with long-term partners during transition period*    
Always 14.8 (7.5,27.1) 19.6 (12.8,28.9)  
Not always (sometimes/never) 85.2 (72.9,92.5) 80.4 (71.1,87.2) 0.4
Condom use with occasional partners during transition period**    
Always 34.9 (19.2,54.7) 51.1 (34.1,67.8)  
Not always (sometimes/never) 65.1 (45.3,80.8) 48.9 (32.2,65.9) 0.2
Partnership status at self-reported entry into sex-work    
Ongoing long-term partnership 30.1(23.2,38.0) 47.5 (41.4,53.6)  
Widowed 1.6 (0.7,4.2) 19.9(17.0,23.1)  
Partnership dissolved 34.4 (31.6,42.0) 31.8(27.0,37.0)  
No long-term partner 30.9 (24.4,38.3) 0.92(0.4,2.1) <0.001
  1. *Among participants who reported at least 1 regular partner during the transition period. **For participants who reported at least 1 occasional partner during the transition period. p-value from chi-squared tests of association.