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Table 6 Mean body mass index, percent body fat and waist circumference of women by energy and macronutrient levels

From: Predictors of overweight and obesity in adult women in Nairobi Province, Kenya

  Mean BMI (SD) Mean% body fat (SD) Mean WC (SD)
Mean (SD) 27.9 (5.3) 39.5 (7.6) 86.9 (13.5)
Energy (mean DRI) P = 0.301 P = 0.717 P = 0.775
<100% 27.6 (5.3) 39.4 (8.0) 86.6 (14.6)
>100% 28.2 (5.2) 39.7(7.2) 87.1 (12.7)
Protein (mean DRI) P = 0.013a P = 0.004 b P = 0.064
<100% 26.5 (5.1) 37.2 (8.3) 84.0 (13.9)
>100% 28.2 (5.1) 40.1 (7.3) 87.0 (12.9)
Fat (mean DRI) P = 0.012 a P = 0.174 P = 0.201
<100% 27.5 (5.2) 39.2 (7.8) 86.3 (13.5)
>100% 29.1 (5.3) 40.5 (7.3) 88.4 (13.7)
CHO (mean DRI) P = 0.232 P = 0.309 P = 0.695
<100% 27.7 (5.4) 39.2 (7.9) 86.6 (14.4)
>100% 28.4 (5.1) 40.1 (7.1) 87.3 (11.7)
  1. BMI = body mass index; WC = waist circumference; SD = standard deviation; CHO = carbohydrate.
  2. a Significant differences at p <0.05; b Significant differences at p <0.01.