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Table 2 Associations between the index for cultural activities at baseline and the z-scores of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) eleven years later as adults

From: Leisure time activities in adolescence in the presence of susceptibility genes for obesity: risk or resilience against overweight in adulthood? The HUNT study

    Girls     Boys  
B SE P CI (95%) B SE P CI (95%)
BMI
Model 1 -.015 .013 .25 -.04 to .01 -.015 .013 .25 -.04 to .01
Model 2 -.011 .019 .58 -.05 to .03 .007 .020 .74 -.03 to .05
WC
Model 1 -.028 .015 .05 -.06 to 0 -.012 .014 .36 -.04 to .01
Model 2 -.040 .021 .05 -.08 to 0 .001 .020 .97 -.04 to .04
WHR
Model 1 -.048 .016 .002 -.08 to -.02 -.020 .017 .23 -.05 to.01
Model 2 -.058 .025 .02 -.11 to -.01 .003 .023 .88 -.05 to .04
  1. Girls n = 603; Boys n = 520. Excluded: overweight and underweight, pregnant, disabled physically or psychologically in daily activities.
  2. Model 1 Unadjusted effect of exposure on the outcome measure at follow-up
  3. Model 2. Adjusted pubertal development at baseline, physical activity change from adolescence to adulthood, and socio-economic status at follow-up.
  4. Cultural activities: reading a book you liked, listening to music or played an instrument longer than 15 min, watching TV or a video, and doing homework or school tasks longer than an hour. We assigned values from 1 to 4 for each answer-category regarding frequency (Not once (1), Once (2), 2–3 times (3), 4 times or more (4) in the last 7 days) and made a continuous variable by adding the scores for each activity (range 4–16).
  5. Employed GEE linear type model. (N: 1123 normal-weight adolescents).