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Table 3 Mortality risk among adults over 50: the effects of health behaviors within different behavioral profiles a

From: A prospective cohort study of health behavior profiles after age 50 and mortality risk

  Mortality risk of:
  Smoking Physical inactivity Non-drinking Heavy drinking
Behavioral profiles HR (99% CI)
Non-smokers
Active, moderate drinker     
Active, non-drinker    1.4***  
   (1.1, 1.6)  
Active, heavy drinker     1.0
     (0.7, 1.3)
Inactive, moderate drinker   1.5***   
  (1.2, 1.8)   
Inactive, non-drinker   1.4*** 1.3***  
   (1.3, 1.5) (1.1, 1.4)  
Inactive, heavy drinker   1.8***   1.1
   (1.2, 2.5)   (0.9, 1.4)
Smokers  
Active, moderate drinker 1.9***    
(1.2, 2.9)  
Active, non-drinker 2.0***   1.4*  
  (1.6, 2.4) (0.9, 2.2)
Active, heavy drinker 3.6***    1.8**
  (2.4, 5.4)   (1.1, 2.9)
Inactive, moderate drinker 1.8*** 1.4   
(1.3, 2.4) (0.9, 2.3)  
Inactive, non-drinker 1.7*** 1.2* 1.2  
  (1.5, 2.0) (1.0, 1.5) (0.9, 1.6)  
Inactive, heavy drinker 2.5*** 1.2   1.6***
  (1.8, 3.4) (0.8, 1.68)   (1.1, 2.2)
  1. * P ≤ .05; ** P ≤ .01; *** P ≤ .001.
  2. aModels adjusted for the following in 1998: age, gender, marital status, race, education, household income, self-rated health, 5 serious chronic diseases, functional limitations, and body mass index.