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Table 2 General health environment of participating schools (n = 100 schools)

From: “HealthKick”: Formative assessment of the health environment in low-resource primary schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa

Schools Quintile 1 Quintile 2 Quintile 3 Total CI Pvalue*
Condition of building 22 33 45 100   
 Neat 100 91 87 91 [87,93] 0.0102
 Condition good 96 82 91 89 [85,92] 0.0460
 Need a coat of paint 100 88 85 89 [84,93] 0.0240
Condition of bathrooms 22 33 43 100   
 Soap in the bathrooms (male) 14 9 0 6 [3,10] 0.0029
 Soap in the bathrooms (female) 23 9 21 8 [6,14] 0.0035
 Bad smell in the bathrooms (male) 64 64 55 59 [52,66] 0.3519
 Bad smell in the bathrooms (female) 23 46 31 34 [27,41] 0.0377
 Towels in the bathrooms (male) 5 9 0 4 [2,8] 0.0175
 Towels in the bathrooms (female) 5 9 0 4 [2,8] 0.0175
 Drains blocked (male) 5 12 2 6 [4,10] 0.0329
 Drains blocked (female) 5 6 4 5 [3,10] 0.8726
Condition of playgrounds 22 33 45 100   
 Mostly grass 23 57 62 52 [45,59] 0.0001
 Mostly sand with stones 77 41 27 42 [36,49] 0.0000
 Cemented areas available 14 49 56 44 [38,51] 0.0000
 Generally free of glass and other dangerous objects 59 85 73 74 [67,79] 0.0111
 Some glass and other dangerous objects 0 12 9 8 [5,13] 0.0371
 Clean of litter 0 3 2 2 [1,5] 0.4476
Condition of sport fields 14 21 30 65   
 Grass, clean and good condition 14 15 27 20 [13,30] 0.1194
 Sand/stone/muddy/litter/weeds 7 12 13 12 [7,20]  
 Grass/field with posts 14 11 3 8 [4,16]  
 Grass no posts 0 12 40 34 [1,12]  
 Sand/gravel with posts + long grass 29 11 7 13 [7,22]  
 Uneven, long grass/no posts – sand/bad condition/weeds/mole hills 29 29 40 34 [25,44]  
 No space/no sports field/not suitable to use for rugby 7 6 3 5 [2,14  
 Mostly grass towards ends, mostly sand with small stones 0 4 7 4 [2,11]  
Signage 22 33 45 100   
 Sponsored by a food or beverage company 73 61 60 63 [56,70] 0.3370
Posters 22 33 44 99   
 Physical activity 23 9 9 12 [8,18] 0.0582
 Nutrition 41 36 20 30 [24,63] 0.0289
  1. * Pearson Chi-square test adjusted for the survey design.