Skip to main content

Table 5 Pooled estimates effect of pre-pregnancy care

From: Pre-pregnancy care for women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Dichotomous outcomes of pre-pregnancy care No of studies [reference] Risk Ratio [95% Confidence interval]
Congenital malformation 13 [7, 8, 14, 1719, 21, 23, 24, 26, 30, 31, 33] 0.25 [0.16-0.37]
PM 6 [7, 8, 14, 18, 21, 31] 0.34 [0.15-0.75]
Maternal hypoglycemia 2 [7, 26] 1.51 [1.15,1.99]
Continuous outcomes Number of studies references Means difference (95% CI)
The difference in the level of glycosylated Hemoglobin A1c 5 [7, 19, 24, 26, 33] −2.43 [−2.27 to −2.58]