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Table 4 Odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) in crude, age-adjusted and multiple adjusted analyses of poor self rated health according to economic stress critical period (childhood + adulthood included as separate variables in the same model). Men (n = 12,726) and women (n = 15,472). The public health survey in Skåne 2008

From: Economic stress in childhood and adulthood, and self-rated health: a population based study concerning risk accumulation, critical period and social mobility

Critical period OR(95% CI)a OR(95% CI)b OR(95% CI)c OR(95% CI)d
Economic stress in childhood     
No significant problem (1) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Less severe and/or shorter period (2) 1.55 (1.46-1.65) 1.55 (1.46-1.65) 1.48 (1.39-1.57) 1.46 (1.37-1.55)
Severe and/or longer period (3) 2.27 (2.08-2.48) 2.27 (2.09-2.48) 2.05 (1.87-2.24) 1.96 (1.78-2.14)
Economic stress in adulthood     
Never (1) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Occasionally (2) 1.42 (1.32-1.52) 1.41 (1.31-1.51) 1.89 (1.75-2.04) 1.87 (1.73-2.02)
Half the year/every month (3) 2.84 (2.59-3.12) 2.83 (2.58-3.10) 3.80 (3.45-4.18) 3.73 (3.38-4.11)
  OR(95% CI) e OR(95% CI) f OR(95% CI) g OR(95% CI) h
Economic stress in childhood     
No significant problem (1) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Less severe and/or shorter period (2) 1.44 (1.35-1.53) 1.37 (1.28-1.46) 1.36 (1.27-1.45) 1.34 (1.25-1.43)
Severe and/or longer period (3) 1.88 (1.72-2.07) 1.79 (1.63-1.97) 1.80 (1.63-1.97) 1.73 (1.57-1.91)
Economic stress in adulthood     
Never (1) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Occasionally (2) 1.83 (1.69-1.97) 1.73 (1.60-1.87) 1.71 (1.58-1.85) 1.66 (1.53-1.80)
Half the year/every month (3) 3.44 (3.12-3.79) 3.16 (2.86-3.49) 3.06 (2.76-3.38) 2.86 (2.58-3.17)
  OR(95% CI) i OR(95% CI) j   
Economic stress in childhood     
No significant problem (1) 1.00 1.00   
Less severe and/or shorter period (2) 1.32 (1.24-1.42) 1.29 (1.20-1.39)   
Severe and/or longer period (3) 1.70 (1.54-1.87) 1.65 (1.48-1.84)   
Economic stress in adulthood     
Never (1) 1.00 1.00   
Occasionally (2) 1.59 (1.47-1.73) 1.55 (1.42-1.69)   
Half the year/every month (3) 2.68 (2.41-2.98) 2.78 (2.48-3.13)   
  1. a Crude.
  2. b Adjusted for sex.
  3. c Adjusted for sex and age.
  4. d Adjusted for sex, age and country of birth.
  5. e Adjusted for sex, age, country of birth and socioeconomic status.
  6. f Adjusted for sex, age, country of birth, socioeconomic status and emotional support.
  7. g Adjusted for sex, age, country of birth, socioeconomic status, emotional support and instrumental support.
  8. h Adjusted for sex, age, country of birth, socioeconomic status, emotional support, instrumental support and trust.
  9. i Adjusted for sex, age, country of birth, socioeconomic status, emotional support, instrumental support, trust and daily smoking.
  10. j Adjusted for sex, age, country of birth, socioeconomic status, emotional support, instrumental support, trust, daily smoking and risk consumption of alcohol.