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Table 2 Hazard ratios (RR) of sex specific all-cause mortality estimated by migrant status and region of birth, adjusting for age and income. Danish born controls form the reference group

From: Inequalities in mortality among refugees and immigrants compared to native Danes – a historical prospective cohort study

  Female refugees n = 12,890    Male refugees n = 16,136   
Region of origin RR 95%CI n p-value RR 95%CI n p-value
Asia 0.90 (0.50 – 1.63) 11 0.72 0.41 (0.24 – 0.71) 13 0.002
Eastern Europe 0.75 (0.36 – 1.58) 7 0.45 0.59 (0.31 – 1.14) 9 0.11
Former Yugoslavia 0.81 (0.73 – 0.90) 375 <0.0001 0.70 (0.63 – 0.77) 502 <0.0001
Iraq 0.62 (0.44 – 0.87) 33 0.005 0.45 (0.35 – 0.58) 66 <0.0001
Middle East 0.53 (0.38 – 0.74) 35 0.0002 0.53 (0.41 – 0.68) 64 <0.0001
North Africa 0.84 (0.61 – 1.16) 38 0.29 0.76 (0.58 – 1.00) 52 0.052
Sub-Saharan Africa 2.70 (1.28 – 5.66) 7 0.008 0.52 (0.20 – 1.39) 4 0.19
All 0.78 (0.71 – 0.85) 506 <0.0001 0.64 (0.59 – 0.69) 710 <0.0001
  Female immigrants n = 18,132    Male immigrants n = 8,634   
Region of origin RR 95%CI n p-value RR 95%CI n p-value
Asia 0.35 (0.26 – 0.48) 39 <0.0001 0.40 (0.28 – 0.57) 29 <0.0001
Eastern Europe 0.47 (0.35 – 0.64) 42 <0.0001 0.62 (0.37 – 1.03) 15 0.064
Former Yugoslavia 0.50 (0.32 – 0.79) 19 0.002 0.58 (0.39 – 0.88) 24 0.009
Iraq 0.27 (0.12 – 0.61) 6 <0.001 0.45 (0.20 – 0.99) 6 0.048
Middle East 0.45 (0.34 – 0.59) 51 <0.001 0.36 (0.27 – 0.49) 46 <0.0001
North Africa 0.31 (0.16 – 0.60) 9 <0.001 0.30 (0.17 – 0.52) 13 <0.0001
Sub-Saharan Africa 1.12 (0.69 – 1.84) 16 0.64 0.83 (0.49 – 1.41) 14 0.49
All 0.44 (0.38 – 0.51) 182 <0.0001 0.43 (0.37 – 0.51) 147 <0.0001
  1. Analyses are based on deaths among the population (n) with a registered income from 1.1.1994 – 31.12.2008.