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Table 3 Food consumption among active and sedentary Balearic Islands adolescents

From: Association between sedentary behaviour and socioeconomic factors, diet and lifestyle among the Balearic Islands adolescents

Food groups Frequency consumption Boys Girls
   Active adolescents (%) Sedentary adolescents (%) P Active adolescents (%) Sedentary adolescents (%) P
   n=732 n=207   n=519 n=503  
Dairy products        
 Milk† ≥7 times/week 77.2 76.8 0.906 67.6 64.5 0.333
 Yogurt & cheese ≥7 times/week 68.4 62.4 0.123 64.5 56.1 0.009
 Dairy desserts ≥2 times/week 71.5 72.2 0.863 61.9 62.9 0.763
Meat        
 Red meat† ≥2 times/week 53.0 55.9 0.489 39.6 42.8 0.314
 Poultry & rabbit† ≥2 times/week 15.6 14.4 0.698 17.7 21.3 0.171
 Sausages† ≥5 times/week 54.9 56.2 0.754 46.5 48.1 0.644
  2-4 times/week 25.8 25.4 0.922 26.2 21.3 0.086
  ≤4 times/month 19.3 18.4 0.774 27.3 30.6 0.271
Fish & seafood ≥2 times/week 20.1 14.5 0.089 19.3 14.8 0.071
Eggs ≥2 times/week 31.4 38.7 0.062 23.8 22.2 0.558
Legumes ≥2 times/week 20.8 19.8 0.772 19.3 18.3 0.685
Cereals, grains & products        
 Bread† ≥7 times/week 86.5 82.8 0.201 82.9 81.1 0.475
 Breakfast cereals† ≥5 times/week 47.1 36.6 0.011 34.7 26.4 0.006
 Biscuits ≥5 times/week 51.3 53.5 0.592 49.1 44.2 0.139
 Pasta† ≥5 times/week 8.7 8.0 0.778 6.6 5.8 0.603
 Rice dishes† ≥5 times/week 8.7 9.1 0.860 6.6 7.0 0.789
 Pizza† ≥2 times/week 19.9 14.4 0.093 11.4 12.8 0.525
Fruits        
 Fresh fruit† ≥2/day 30.4 21.9 0.024 40.2 22.5 0.000
 Fruit juices ≥7 times/week 54.0 46.5 0.074 52.3 45.7 0.046
 Canned fruit ≥2 times/week 7.2 7.5 0.878 4.9 3.0 0.141
Vegetables ≥2/day 8.2 7.5 0.748 11.5 13.2 0.415
Nuts ≥2 times/week 36.2 31.0 0.193 23.3 25.1 0.533
Potatoes & tubercles ≥2 times/week 42.0 44.9 0.471 32.1 32.1 0.990
Fats        
 Olive oil ≥7 times/week 52.5 45.7 0.104 57.0 55.0 0.530
 Others oils & fats ≥2 times/week 36.8 34.4 0.556 36.3 37.0 0.829
 High fat foods ≥5 times/week 41.9 42.5 0.870 26.8 36.8 0.001
  2-4 times/week 29.0 23.8 0.167 29.0 29.4 0.905
  ≤4 times/month 29.2 33.7 0.241 44.2 33.8 0.001
Drinks        
 Soft drinks ≥5 times/week 55.4 55.4 0.986 32.0 44.6 0.000
  2-4 times/week 12.2 9.1 0.254 10.1 10.9 0.691
  ≤4 times/month 32.4 35.5 0.429 57.9 44.4 0.000
 Tea & coffee ≥2 times/week 15.1 12.4 0.363 14.2 18.7 0.069
 Alcoholic beverages ≥1 times/week 11.1 9.6 0.561 4.2 5.4 0.427
Other foods        
 Sweets ≥5 times/week 69.9 70.7 0.830 77.8 74.6 0.264
  2-4 times/week 16.4 13.8 0.408 12.8 16.2 0.152
  ≤4 times/month 13.7 15.5 0.559 9.4 9.2 0.921
 Chocolates ≥5 times/week 17.0 21.5 0.166 16.7 16.1 0.791
  2-4 times/week 12.2 13.3 0.697 10.9 12.2 0.537
  ≤4 times/month 70.8 65.2 0.151 72.4 71.7 0.825
  1. †Food consumption cut-offs [31, 32]. Significant differences between active and sedentary adolescents by χ 2 test.