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Table 2 Gender differences in the knowledge about the health effects of FC and the attitude towards the practice

From: When female circumcision comes to the West: Attitudes toward the practice among Somali Immigrants in Oslo

Variables Women (%) Men (%) P-value
Education    
University 4.5 11.8 P < 0.02*
Secondary 46.4 60.2  
Primary 38.4 21.5  
No formal education 10.7 6.5  
Marital status    
Single 31.5 53.8 P < 0.03*
Married 40.5 32.3  
Divorced 26.1 9.7  
Widowed 1.8 4.2  
Years in Norway    
>14 20.2 14 P < 0.001*
10-14 29.4 19.4  
5-9 34.8 23.6  
0-4 15.6 43  
Knowledge of health effects of FGM    
Infection    
Yes 95.1 95.7 P < 0.594
No 4.9 4.3  
Complications in child birth    
Yes 92.5 95.8 P < 0.293
No 7.5 4.2  
Urine retention    
Yes 90.2 93.4 P < 0.316
No 9.8 6.6  
Yes 90.3 91.9 P < 0.456
No 9.7 8.1  
HIV transmission    
Yes 95.3 96.4 P < 0.496
No 4.7 3.6  
Attitude towards FGM    
None of FC forms are religious duty 70 47.3 P < 0.002*
One/both forms are religious duty 30 52.7  
Does FC Preserve the dignity of girls?    
None of the forms do 73.6 55.4 P < 0.006*
One/both forms do 26.4 44.6  
Does FC prevent premarital sex    
Yes 71.4 64.5 P < 0.183
No 28.6 35.5  
Necessary for marriageability of girls    
Yes 58.6 58.1 P < 0.528
No 41.4 41.9  
  1. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05.