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Table 3 Factors associated with preventive care processes for diabetes complication in this study

From: What are patient factors associated with the quality of diabetes care?: results from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Variables Fundus examination (n = 326) Microalbuminuria examination(n = 327) Diabetes mellitus education (n = 323)
%1 %2 34.4 %2 40.0 %2 30.2
AOR3 95% CI AOR3 95% CI AOR3 95% CI
Socioeconomic position
 Age (years)          
  20-49 35.0 1.00   27.5 1.00   38.9 1.00  
  50-64 40.6 1.40 0.69-2.84 45.7 3.07 1.38-6.84 31.0 0.70 0.33-1.52
  ≥65 26.8 0.65 0.26-1.64 39.5 2.74 1.10-6.80 24.8 0.51 0.20-1.31
 Gender          
  Men 31.5 1.00   38.9 1.00   31.2 1.00  
  Women 37.8 1.88 0.98-3.61 41.3 0.95 0.52-1.74 29.0 1.37 0.69-2.70
 Education          
  Elementary or lower 31.0 1.00   39.0 1.00   23.7 1.00  
  Middle or high school 30.8 1.25 0.61-2.59 36.8 1.11 0.59-2.08 32.6 1.89 0.91-3.92
  C College or higher 63.0 6.61 2.27-19.24 56.7 3.91 1.35-11.26 47.6 4.75 1.52-14.84
 Household income (monthly, thousand KRW)          
  >3000 46.6 1.00   53.0 1.00   32.7 1.00  
  >1000 & ≤3000 0 30.6 0.64 0.26-1.56 34.3 0.47 0.25-0.90 27.7 0.87 0.43-1.79
  ≤1000 33.2 0.92 0.39-2.14 40.3 0.59 0.27-1.26 31.5 1.51 0.67-3.39
 Health-related factors
  Duration of diabetes illness          
   <5 years 19.7 1.00   31.3 1.00   21.3 1.00  
   5-9 years 39.8 2.42 1.11-5.28 38.5 1.40 0.70-2.82 25.3 1.13 0.49-2.59
   ≥10 years 52.3 6.66 3.33-13.31 53.9 2.96 1.50-5.83 46.9 4.47 2.23-8.93
  Self-rated health          
   Poor/very poor 38.6 1.00   44.0 1.00   30.9 1.00  
   Fair 29.4 0.54 0.28-1.04 40.0 0.80 0.43-1.47 30.4 0.81 0.37-1.76
   Excellent/good 26.8 0.39 0.13-1.12 23.0 0.32 0.12-0.86 26.8 0.82 0.30-2.24
  Regular exercise          
   Yes 39.5 1.00   41.1 1.00   31.6 1.00  
   No 29.8 0.70 0.39-1.24 39.0 0.97 0.57-1.65 28.9 0.91 0.49-1.71
  Body mass index          
   <23 42.5 1.00   38.2 1.00   35.1 1.00  
   ≥23 & <25 28.8 0.42 0.17-1.01 37.2 0.79 0.40-1.59 29.7 0.79 0.31-2.04
   ≥25 31.0 0.56 0.29-1.09 42.2 1.16 0.62-2.19 24.3 0.64 0.33-1.23
  1. Abbreviations: AOR adjusted odds ratio; CI confidence interval.
  2. Weighted to represent the Korean population with diabetes, aged 20 years or older.
  3. 1 Proportion of subjects who tested fundus/microalbuminuria examination in the past year and ever received diabetes mellitus education.
  4. 2 Proportion of subjects who tested fundus/microalbuminuria examination in the past year and ever received diabetes mellitus education in each category of each variable.
  5. 3 AORs were obtained after adjusting for age, gender, education level, household monthly income, duration of diabetes, self-reported health status, regular exercise, and body mass index.