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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Implementation and effect of intensified case finding on diagnosis of tuberculosis in a large urban HIV clinic in Uganda: a retrospective cohort study.

   Pre-ICF Post-ICF Post-ICF P-value P-value
Characteristic   PCF suspects PCF suspects ICF suspects PCF pre vs PCF post PCF post vs ICF post
   N = 220 (100%) N = 229 (58%) N = 165 (42%)   
Sex (n [%]) Male 112 (51) 95 (41) 51 (31) 0.045 0.032
Female 108 (49) 134 (59) 114 (69)   
Age (years, mean [SD])   35 (9.2) 36 (10.1) 40 (10.0) 0.300 <0.001
ART (n [%])* Yes 68 (31) 75 (33) 74 (45) 0.411 0.007
  No 149 (68) 147 (64) 91 (55)   
Time at IDI since registration (days, median [IQR])   94 (4, 1005) 57 (1, 1437) 1015 (128, 1830) 0.696 <0.001
Symptoms (n [%])* Pulmonary 164 (75) 187 (82) 138 (84) 0.033 0.011
  Only B-symptoms 20 (9) 23 (10) 5 (3)   
  Missing 36 (16) 19 (8) 22 (13)   
   TB patients TB patients TB patients   
   N = 139 (63%) N = 131 (57%) N = 49 (30%)   
Type of TB (n [%]) Smear positive 60 (43) 39 (30) 19 (39) 0.051 0.824
  Smear negative 20 (14) 28 (21) 12 (24)   
  Extrapulmonary 54 (39) 51 (39) 15 (31)   
  Missing 5 (4) 13 (10) 3 (6)   
  1. *Data on ART use was not available for 10 patients (3 pre-ICF and 7 post-ICF of which all PCF).
  2. Note: ART, antiretroviral therapy; ICF, Intensified Case Finding; IDI, Infectious Diseases Institute; IQR, interquartile range; PCF, passive case finding; SD, standard deviation; B-symptoms: fevers or night sweats for more than 3 weeks and/or weight loss (>3 kilograms in one month); vs, versus.