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Table 3 Association of self-reported physician-diagnosed morbidities and overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among German men and women 18-79 years of age

From: Comorbidity of overweight and obesity in a nationally representative sample of German adults aged 18-79 years

Men (N = 3320) Normal weight BMI <25 kg/m2 Overweight* BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2 Obesity* BMI ≥30 kg/m2 No abdominal obesity WC <102 cm Abdominal obesity** WC ≥102 cm
N 1089 1584 647 2287 1033
Any cardiometabolic risk factor 1.0 1.84 (1.47 - 2.31) 4.07 (3.16 - 5.25) 1.0 1.23 (0.95 - 1.60)
  Age <50 years 1.0 2.19 (1.58 - 3.05) 4.28 (2.84 - 6.46)   
  Age ≥50 years 1.0 1.51 (1.07 - 2.12) 3.58 (2.41 - 5.32)   
Diabetes mellitus 1.0 1.35 (0.81 - 2.28) 1.69 (0.91 - 3.15) 1.0 1.56 (0.95 - 2.57)
Any cardiovascular disease (CVD) 1.0 1.33 (0.89 - 2.0) 1.82 (1.13 - 2.93) 1.0 1.10 (0.73 - 1.64)
Gall bladder disease 1.0 1.13 (0.75 - 1.69) 1.50 (0.91 - 2.45) 1.0 0.97 (0.62 - 1.53)
Osteoarthritis 1.0 1.41 (1.12 - 1.78) 2.14 (1.65 - 2.76) 1.0 1.13 (0.87 - 1.46)
Age <50 years 1.0 1.57 (1.14 - 2.17) 2.35 (1.62 - 3.41)   
Age ≥50 years 1.0 1.06 (0.80 - 1.40) 1.53 (1.06 - 2.22)   
Atopic disease 1.0 0.79 (0.64 - 0.97) 0.67 (0.51 - 0.88) 1.0 1.11 (0.84 – 1.48)
Women (n = 3470) BMI <25 kg/m 2 BMI 25–29.9 kg/m 2 BMI ≥30 kg/m 2 WC <88 cm WC ≥88 cm
N 1647 1069 754 2158 1312
Any cardiometabolic risk factor 1.0 1.48 (1.14 - 1.92) 3.40 (2.60 - 4.46) 1.0 1.44 (1.08 - 1.92)
  Age <50 years 1.0 1.20 (0.85 - 1.70) 2.87 (2.02 - 4.09)   
  Age ≥50 years 1.0 1.59 (1.14 - 2.22) 3.66 (2.52 - 5.31)   
Diabetes mellitus 1.0 1.85 (1.03 - 3.30) 2.94 (1.63 - 5.31) 1.0 3.18 (1.69- 5.99)
Any cardiovascular disease (CVD) 1.0 1.34 (0.82 - 2.19) 1.51 (0.97 - 2.34) 1.0 0.93 (0.51 – 1.70)
Gall bladder Disease 1.0 1.65 (1.22 - 2.25) 3.06 (2.26 - 4.14) 1.0 1.73 (1.25 - 2.39)
Osteoarthritis 1.0 1.38 (1.10 - 1.74) 1.65 (1.25 - 2.17) 1.0 1.12 (0.86 - 1.46)
Age <50 years 1.0 1.48 (1.06 - 2.08) 1.45 (0.99 - 2.14)   
Age ≥50 years 1.0 1.24 (0.93 - 1.66) 1.53 (1.10 - 2.12)   
Atopic disease   0.91 (0.76 - 1.09) 1.14 (0.91 - 1.42) 1.0 0.75 (0.59 – 0.95)
  1. BMI = Body Mass Index WC= Waist Circumference.
  2. * adjusted for age (continuous), social status, (low, middle, high), smoking (ex, never, current).
  3. ** adjusted for age (continuous), social status (low, middle, high), smoking (ex, never, current), and categories of BMI (<25 kg/m2, 25- < 30 kg/m2, ≥30 kg/m2).