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Table 2 Prevalence (%, 95% CI) of self-reported physician-diagnosed morbidities according to BMI categories among German men (2a) and women (2b) 18-79 years of age

From: Comorbidity of overweight and obesity in a nationally representative sample of German adults aged 18-79 years

a. Men (N = 3.417)
BMI Total Normal weight <25 kg/m2 Overweight 25–29,9 kg/m2 Obesity ≥30 kg/m2
N 3417 1131 1623 663
1. Cardiometabolic risk factor     
  Hypertension 20.2 (18.6 – 21.9) 8.5 (6.9 – 10.5) 21.3 (19.1 – 23.6) 38.1 (34.0 – 42.4)
  Hyperlipidamia 15.8 (14.4 – 17.4) 8.3 (6.6 – 10.3) 17.8 (15.8 – 20.1) 24.0 (20.3 – 28.2)
  Hyperuricemia or gout 7.8 (6.9 – 8.8) 2.2 (1.5 – 3.3) 8.7 (7.2 – 10.5) 15.2 (12.5 – 18.3)
  1 risk factor 31.1 (29.2 – 33.1) 15.0 (13.1 – 17.2) 34.1 (31.5 – 36.9) 52.0 (47.5 – 56.4)
  2 risk factors 10.6 (9.6 – 11.8) 3.7 (2.7 – 5.0) 11.4 (9.7 – 13.3) 21.0 (17.9 – 24.4)
  3 risk factors 2.1 (1.6 – 2.6) 0.4 (0.2 – 1.0) 2.3 (1.6 – 3.3) 4.3 (3.0 – 6.1)
2. Diabetes mellitus 4.2 (3.6 – 4.9) 2.1 (1.4 – 3.3) 4.8 (3.9 – 5.9) 6.4 (4.7 – 8.5)
3. Any CVD 8.8 (7.8 – 9.9) 4.2 (3.1 – 5.7) 10.2 (8.8 – 11.8) 13.4 (10.7 – 16.6)
  Angina pectoris/other CHD 6.5 (5.7 – 7.5) 2.7 (1.9 – 3.9) 7.6 (6.3 – 9.1) 10.6 (8.2 – 13.6)
  Myocardial infarction 3.3 (2.7 – 4.0) 0.9 (0.5 – 1.8) 3.7 (2.8 – 4.7) 6.3 (4.4 – 9.1)
  Any CHD 7.3 (6.3 – 8.3) 3.1 (2.2 – 4.3) 8.3 (6.9 – 9.9) 12.1 (9.5 – 15.3)
  Heart failure 2.4 (1.8 – 3.2) 1.0 (0.5 – 1.9) 2.9 (2.1 – 4.1) 3.7 (2.4 – 5.5)
  Stroke 1.4 (1.1 – 1.9) 0.9 (0.4 – 1.7) 1.8 (1.3 – 2.6) 1.4 (0.7 – 2.9)
4. Any lower respiratory disease 7.5 (6.4 – 8.7) 7.1 (5.6 – 9.0) 7.1 (5.7 – 8.8) 9.1 (7.0 – 11.6)
  Asthma 3.5 (2.9 – 4.3) 3.6 (2.5 – 5.1) 3.2 (2.4 – 4.3) 4.3 (2.9 – 6.3)
  Chronic bronchitis 4.5 (3.7 – 5.5) 3.9 (2.9 – 5.4) 4.7 (3.6 – 6.1) 5.1 (3.7 – 7.0)
5. Any upper GIT disease 6.9 (6.0 – 7.8) 6.5 (5.0 – 8.3) 7.1 (5.9 – 8.6) 7.0 (5.3 – 9.4)
  Gastritis/Duodenitis 6.6 (5.7 – 7.5) 6.0 (4.5 – 7.8) 6.8 (5.6 – 8.3) 6.8 (5.1 – 9.1)
  Gastric/duodenal ulcer 1.3 (0.9 – 1.7) 1.5 (0.9– 2.4) 1.2 (0.8 – 1.9) 0.9 (0.4 – 2.1)
6. Gall bladder disease 5.1 (4.3 – 6.1) 3.4 (2.4 – 4.7) 5.5 (4.4 – 6.9) 7.3 (5.3 – 9.9)
7. Cirrhosis of the liver 0.2 (0.1 – 0.4) 0.1 (0.0 – 0.7) 0.2 (0.1 – 0.6) 0.5 (0.2 – 1.6)
8. Thyroid disease 6.9 (6.0 – 8.0) 5.5 (4.2 – 7.2) 7.8 (6.5 – 9.5) 7.1 (5.3 – 9.4)
9. Any malignancy (cancer) 3.0 (2.5 – 3.7) 3.1 (2.1 – 4.3) 3.2 (2.3 – 4.3) 2.6 (1.5 – 4.5)
10. Mental health problem 4.2 (3.5 – 4.9) 3.0 (2.1 – 4.3) 5.1 (4.1 – 6.4) 3.7 (2.4 – 5.5)
11. Any musculoskeletal disease 28.9 (26.9 – 31.0) 17.9 (15.4 – 20.7) 31.4 (28.5 – 34.4) 42.0 (37.3 – 46.8)
  Osteoarthritis 27.7 (25.6 – 29.8) 17.1 (14.7 – 19.9) 30.1 (27.2 – 33.0) 40.3 (35.7 – 45.0)
  Rheumatoid arthritis 2.9 (2.3 – 3.6) 2.3 (1.5 – 3.5) 2.8 (2.0 – 4.0) 4.0 (2.6 – 6.1)
  Osteoporosis 0.7 (0.5 – 1.1) 0.6 (0.2 – 1.4) 0.7 (0.4 – 1.3) 0.9 (0.4 – 2.0)
12. Atopic disease* 25.0 (23.4 – 26.6) 30.7 (27.8 – 33.8) 23.1 (21.0 – 25.4) 19.6 (16.6 – 22.9)
b. Women (N = 3.596)
Body mass index (BMI) Total Normal weight <25 kg/m 2 Overweight 25–29,9 kg/m 2 Obesity ≥30 kg/m 2
N 3596 1690 1109 797
1. Cardiometabolic risk factor     
  Hypertension 24.9 (23.2 – 26.7) 10.1 (8.5 – 12.0) 30.0 (27.1 – 33.0) 49.7 (46.1 – 53.3)
  Hyperlipidamia 16.4 (14.9 – 18.0) 10.9 (8.9 – 13.2) 19.2 (16.4 – 22.3) 24.5 (20.9 – 28.6)
  Hyperuricemia or gout 3.9 (3.2 – 4.8) 1.0 (0.6 – 1.6) 4.5 (3.3 – 6.3) 9.4 (7.1 – 12.3)
  1 risk factor 33.7 (31.8 – 35.6) 18.2 (16.0 – 20.7) 40.1 (36.8 – 43.6) 58.0 (54.5 – 61.5)
  2 risk factors 10.0 (8.8 – 11.3) 3.6 (2.6 – 5.0) 11.7 (9.5 – 14.4) 21.4 (17.7– 25.5)
  3 risk factors 1.6 (1.2 – 2.1) 0.2 (0.1 – 0.6) 1.8 (1.0 – 3.2) 4.2 (2.8 – 6.4)
2. Diabetes mellitus 4.9 (4.1 – 5.9) 1.6 (1.0– 2.5) 6.1 (4.6 – 8.0) 10.5 (8.1 – 13.5)
3. Any cardiovascular disease (CVD) 8.8 (7.5 – 10.2) 4.1 (3.2 – 5.4) 11.6 (9.0 – 14.8) 14.7 (11.8 – 18.2)
  Angina pectoris/other CHD 5.2 (4.3 – 6.4) 2.3 (1.5 – 3.4) 7.0 (5.0 – 9.6) 9.2 (7.4 – 11.5)
  Myocardial infarction 1.7 (1.2 – 2.3) 0.5 (0.2 – 1.1) 2.8 (1.7 – 4.5) 2.7 (1.7 – 4.1)
  Any CHD 5.6 (4.6 – 6.9) 2.3 (1.6 – 3.5) 7.7 (5.6 – 10.6) 9.8 (7.8 – 12.2)
  Heart failure 3.4 (2.8 – 4.2) 1.6 (1.1 – 2.6) 4.2 (3.1 – 5.7) 6.1 (4.2 – 8.8)
  Stroke 1.7 (1.2 – 2.3) 0.7 (0.3 – 1.4) 2.5 (1.5 – 4.2) 2.5 (1.5 – 4.2)
4. Any lower respiratory disease 7.5 (6.6 – 8.6) 7.5 (6.2 – 9.1) 6.6 (4.9 – 8.8) 8.8 (6.7 – 11.4)
  Asthma 4.1 (3.4 – 5.0) 4.3 (3.3 – 5.5) 4.0 (2.7 – 5.9) 4.0 (2.8 – 5.8)
  Chronic bronchitis 4.3 (3.6 – 5.2) 4.0 (3.0 – 5.2) 3.5 (2.4 – 5.2) 6.0 (4.3 – 8.3)
5. Any upper GIT disease 8.6 (7.5 – 9.8) 8.8 (7.3 – 10.6) 7.7 (6.1 – 9.7) 9.4 (7.3 – 12.1)
  Gastritis/Duodenitis 8.3 (7.2 – 9.4) 8.5 (7.0 – 10.2) 7.4 (5.8 – 9.4) 9.0 (6.9- 11.6)
  Gastric/duodenal ulcer 1.1 (0.8 – 1.6) 1.0 (0.6 – 1.8) 0.9 (0.4 – 1.8) 1.6 (0.9- 2.7)
6. Gall bladder disease 15.0 (13.6 – 16.4) 6.9 (5.6 – 8.4) 17.4 (15.1 – 20.0) 29.0 (25.3 – 33.0)
7. Cirrhosis of the liver 0.1 (0.0 – 0.2) 0.1 (0.0 – 0.5) 0.1 (0.0 – 0.5) 0.1 (0.0 – 0.8)
8. Thyroid disease 26.2 (24.4 – 28.1) 24.1 (21.8 – 26.5) 28.6 (25.8 – 31.6) 27.4 (24.1 – 31.0)
9. Any malignancy (Cancer) 4.7 (3.9 – 5.6) 3.8 (2.8 – 5.1) 5.8 (4.4 – 7.4) 5.1 (3.4 – 7.4)
10. Mental health problem 9.2 (8.2 – 10.5) 8.2 (6.6 – 10.3) 10.0 (8.2 – 12.1) 10.4 (8.2 – 13.0)
11. Any musculoskeletal disease 33.1 (30.9 – 35.4) 22.5 (20.0 – 25.3) 40.0 (36.6 – 43.5) 46.3 (41.8 – 50.8)
  Osteoarthritis 29.0 (26.7 – 31.3) 18.5 (16.1 – 21.3) 35.3 (31.6 – 39.1) 42.6 (37.9 – 47.4)
  Rheumatoid arthritis 5.3 (4.3 – 6.3) 3.8 (2.8 – 5.1) 6.3 (4.8 – 8.3) 6.9 (5.1 – 9.3)
  Osteoporosis 5.9 (5.0 – 7.0) 4.6 (3.6 – 5.8) 6.9 (5.3 – 8.8) 7.6 (5.7 – 10.0)
12. Atopic disease* 39.2 (36.9 – 41.5) 43.1 (40.1 – 46.2) 35.3 (32.4 – 38.4) 36.3 (32.1 – 40.8)
  1. *Allergic rhinitis, allergic contact exzema, neurodermatitis, food allergy or urticaria; GIT = gastrointestinal tract; CHD= coronary heart disease.