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Table 3 Differences in intake of selected nutrients by reported frequency of organic consumption among 63 808 women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study 2002-2007

From: Food patterns and dietary quality associated with organic food consumption during pregnancy; data from a large cohort of pregnant women in Norway

  Total organic consumption (all food groups combined) Organic consumption by food groups
  Low = sum index≤6 Frequent = sum index>6 Organic vegetables Organic fruit Organic bread & cereal Organic milk & dairy Organic eggs Organic meat
Nutrients Mean intake (SE) Difference in intake
   Frequent vs. low (SE) High vs. low organic consumption by food groups (SE)
Energy kJ/day 9686 (11) 592 (36)*** 577 (39)*** 681 (42)*** 556 (42)*** 560 (40)*** 361 (36)*** 646 (51)***
E% from protein 15.5 (0.009) -0.3 (0.03)*** -0.2 (0.03)*** -0.3 (0.03)*** -0.3 (0.03)*** -0.2 (0.03)*** -0.1 (0.03)*** -0.4 (0.04)***
E% from fat 30.4 (0.02) 0.2 (0.1)** ns -0.3 (0.1)*** 0.3 (0.1)** 0.4 (0.1)*** 0.3 (0.1)*** ns
E% from carbohydrate 53.9 (0.02) ns 0.2 (0.1)** 0.5 (0.1)*** ns -0.2 (0.1)** -0.2 (0.1)** ns
E% from added sugar 10.6 (0.02) ns -0.3 (0.1)** ns ns ns -0.5 (0.1)*** 0.8 (0.1)***
Dietary fiber g/10MJ 31.8 (0.03) 1.5 (0.1)*** 2.0 (0.1)*** 1.4 (0.1)*** 1.3 (0.1)*** 0.5 (0.1)*** 2.0 (0.1)*** 0.7 (0.2)***
β-carotene μg/10MJ 2702 (7.7) 293 (26)*** 520 (28)*** 294 (30)*** 230 (30)*** 150 (29)*** 316 (26)*** ns
Vitamin D, μg/10MJ 3.56 (0.009) 0.2 (0.03)*** 0.2 (0.03)*** 0.1 (0.03)** 0.1 (0.04)** ns 0.2 (0.03)*** ns
Vitamin C mg/10MJ 171 (0.3) 16 (1.2)*** 21 (1.3)*** 21 (1.3)*** 9.4 (1.4)*** 7.2 (1.3)*** 17 (1.2)*** 6.1 (1.7)***
Folate, μg/10MJ 284 (0.3) 21 (1.0)*** 26 (1.1)*** 23 (1.1)*** 15 (1.2)*** 13 (1.1)*** 25 (1.0)*** 4.5 (1.4)**
Calcium, mg/10MJ 1075 (1.3) ns ns ns -13. (5.0)** 30 (4.7)*** ns -20 (6.1)**
Magnesium, mg/10MJ 414 (0.2) 7.4 (0.8)*** 11 (0.9)*** 6.6 (0.9)*** 4.8 (1.0)*** 3.9 (0.9)*** 14 (0.8)*** 9.2 (1.2)***
Potassium, mg/10MJ 4169 (2.9) 90.6 (9.7)*** 162 (11)*** 135 (11)*** 42 (12)*** 36 (11)** 128 (9.7)*** 41 (14)**
Sodium, mg/10MJ 3190 (2.3) -127 (6.8)*** -118 (7.5)*** -140 (7.9)*** -119 (8.0)*** -118 (7.6)*** -100 (6.8)*** -97 (9.7)***
  1. * p-value < 0.05, ** p-value < 0.01, *** p-value < 0.001. One-way ANOVA analyses.