Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariable analysis of risk factors for depressive symptoms in children aged 7 to 9 years, São Luís (2005/06) and in children aged 10 to 11 years, Ribeirão Preto (2004/05)

From: Perinatal and early life factors associated with symptoms of depression in Brazilian children

Variables São Luís * Ribeirão Preto *
  Prevalence Ratio 95 % Confidence Interval Prevalence Ratio 95 % Confidence Interval
Low birth weight     
No Reference   Reference  
Yes 0.98 0.50 - 1.90 3.98 1.72 - 9.23
Preterm birth     
No Reference   Reference  
Yes 1.24 0.66 - 2.31 0.51 0.18 - 1.43
Parity     
1 0.87 0.55 - 1.38 0.52 0.18 - 1.56
2 to 4 Reference   Reference  
≥5 0.48 0.16 - 1.45 1.04 0.30 - 3.56
Maternal schooling (years)     
0 to 4 2.39 1.31 - 4.34 0.94 0.27 - 3.22
5 to 8 1.80 1.08 - 3.01 1.24 0.43 - 3.59
≥9 Reference   Reference  
Occupation of family head     
Non-manual Reference   Reference  
Manual skilled and semi-skilled 1.75 0.81 - 3.78 5.30 1.14 - 24.76
Manual unskilled and unemployed 1.64 0.74 - 3.61 6.65 1.16 - 38.03
Marital status     
Married 1.22 0.75 - 1.96 0.44 0.17 - 1.14
Consensual union Reference   Reference  
No companion 0.85 0.49 - 1.45 1.10 0.35 - 3.46
Number of household members     
1 to 4 1.00 0.66 - 1.52 0.61 0.26 - 1.44
≥ 5 Reference   Reference  
Maternal age (years)     
<20 1.05 0.65 - 1.70 0.73 0.22 - 2.46
20 to 34 Reference   Reference  
≥35 1.73 0.74 - 4.03 0.55 0.16 - 1.89
Paternal age (years)     
<20 1.92 1.02 - 3.61 1.08 0.20 - 5.83
20 to 34 Reference   Reference  
≥35 0.87 0.47 - 1.59 1.79 0.74 - 4.35
  1. * Models were adjusted for all variables presented in the table.