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Table 3 Similarity and differences in indices of family consistency and stability between the two categories of adolescents in institutional care in Nigeria

From: Different Points of a Continuum? Cross Sectional Comparison of the Current and Pre-contact Psychosocial Problems among the Different Categories of Adolescents in Institutional Care in Nigeria

Variable Adolescents on Criminal Code (N = 158) Cases of Child/Adolescent Neglect (N = 46) OR (95% CI) χ2 p
Current care-giver*
 At least one parent involved Vs. No parent involved 53 (34) 8 (17) 2.3 (1.04 – 5.55) 4.4 0.03
Early childhood care-giver
 Both parents Vs. Others 88 (56) 20 (36) 1.7 (1.16 - 4.45) 5.3 0.02
Lifetime number of different people that participant had lived with (other than parents)
 None Vs. At least one 62(39) 12 (26) 1.8 (0.88 – 3.80) 2.8 0.07
Mean number of different people that participant had lived with 3.5 ± 0.5 4.8 ± 0.3 -------------- 7.7** 0.002
Lifetime number of persons that mother had cohabited with (other than participant’s father)
 None Vs. At least one 86 (54) 22 (48) 1.30 (0.64 – 2.53) 2.6 0.61
Mean number of persons that mother had cohabited with (other than participant’s father) 2.7 ± 0.3 4.0 ± 1.0 ------------- 9.5** 0.001
Witness of physical fight among parents or guardian in the previous year
Yes Vs. No 34 (22) 34 (70) 0.12 (0.06 – 0.25) 37.5 <0.001
Having been beaten by a parent or guardian to the point of serious bodily injury in the previous year*
Yes Vs. No 85 (54) 23 (50) 1.2 (0.67 – 1.77) 0.2 0.89
Regular witness to use of alcohol or other substance by at least one parent or guardian in the last 1 year
Yes Vs. No 58 (37) 12 (26) 1.64 (0.78 – 3.42) 1.7 0.18
  1. *Before juvenile justice contact.
  2. ** Student t-test.