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Table 5 Multivariate associations between psychosocial work-environment factors and mental health and sleep quality

From: Physical and psychosocial work environment factors and their association with health outcomes in Danish ambulance personnel – a cross-sectional study

    Mental Health Sleep Quality
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Demographics
Women vs. Men    1.47 (0.89–2.41) 1.88 (1.12–3.15) 1.12 (0.66–1.90) 1.23 (0.72–2.11)
Age    0.98 (0.97–0.99) 0.97 (0.96–0.99) 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 1.00 (0.99–1.01)
Psychosocial work environment factors
Quantitative Demands Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   2.75 (1.91–3.97) 1.99 (1.34–2.95) 1.54 (1.06–2.23) 1.23 (0.83–1.82)
Work pace Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   1.52 (1.17–1.97) 1.51 (1.13–2.01) 1.26 (0.68–1.98) 1.17 (0.90–1.52)
Emotional Demands Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   1.64 (1.19–2.26) 1.42 (1.00–2.01) 1.84 (1.35–2.52) 1.74 (1.25–2.41)
Influence at work Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.75 (0.50–1.14) 0.72 (0.46–1.13) 0.87 (0.60–1.27) 0.90 (0.61–1.29)
Meaning of work Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.66 (0.51–0.85) 0.76 (0.56–1.03) 0.89 (0.69–1.14) 0.97 (0.74–1.29)
Involvement in workplace Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.57 (0.41–0.80) 0.91 (0.62–1.34) 0.75 (0.54–1.06) 0.97 (0.66–1.41)
Role clarity Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.58 (0.45–0.77) 0.83 (0.60–1.15) 0.79 (0.61–1–03) 0.93 (0.68–1.27)
Predictability Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.56 (0.43–0.73) 0.80 (0.59–1–10) 0.76 (0.59–0.97) 0.95 (0.70–1.27)
Vertical trust Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.55 (0.41–0.73) 0.76 (0.54–1.07) 0.73 (0.56–0.95) 1.01 (0.74–1.38)
Justice and respect Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.54 (0.41–0.71) 0.82 (0.58–1–14) 0.64 (0.49–0.82) 0.71 (0.52–0.98)
Possibilities of development Low Ref 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  High   0.74 (0.57–0.96) 0.93 (0.68–1.27) 0.82 (0.63–1.06) 0.89 (0.66–1.18)
Hosmer Lemeshow Goodness of fit     Chi2 = 1589   Chi2 = 1575
p = 0.1788 p = 0.284
Nagelkerke Pseudo R2     0.07   0.02
Model 1: Adjusted for sex, age, Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, Marital status & Alcohol consumption.       
Model 2: Model 1 adjusted for all other psychosocial work environment indicators.       
  1. Logistic regression. Odds ratios with 95% Confidence Intervals.