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Table 4 Mean scores for stigma and discrimination amongst healthcare providers, Jimma zone, Southwest Ethiopia, 2011(n = 255)

From: Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV by healthcare providers, Southwest Ethiopia

Emerged factors (scales) Mean raw score ± SD % SM4
Lack of feelings of safety 19.85 ± 6.88 49.38
Discomfort around PLHIV 10.16 ± 3.94 34.40
The fear of work-related HIV transmission 5.14 ± 1.95 52.33
Value-driven stigma 15.20 ± 6.36 39.04
Unethical handling of PLHIV 8.49 ± 3.80 37.42
Extra precaution 8.99 ± 2.92 66.55
Disclosure(n = 206) 9.66 ± 5.35 31.07
  1. 4 (%SM) is the Standardized score as the percentage of possible maximum scale score, and it lies between 0 and 100.