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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Perceived need to increase physical activity levels among adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional analysis within a community-based diabetes prevention project FIN-D2D

  Men (n = 2 577) Women (n = 4 551)
  % %
Age (years)   
 <45 14 13
 45-54 32 30
 55-64 20 21
 ≥65 34 35
Marital status***   
 Married/cohabiting 77 72
 Other 23 28
Educational level   
 Low 41 39
 Intermediate 50 53
 High 9 9
Occupational status***   
 Manual work 34 9
 Non-manual work 25 44
 Retired 34 35
 Not employed 7 13
Family history of diabetes1*** 57 66
Elevated blood pressure2*** 88 82
Dyslipidaemia3*** 30 40
Obesity4*** 57 63
Waist circumference5***   
 Normal 8 3
 Elevated risk 22 10
 High risk 70 87
Currently smoking6*** 23 15
Physically inactive7 65 65
Self-rated fitness*   
 Low 22 25
 Satisfactory 50 48
 High 28 27
Stage of change***   
 Precontemplation 11 7
 Contemplation 29 24
 Preparation 39 46
 Action 12 14
 Maintenance 9 9
Physical activity level perceived as sufficient* 33 30
Perceives the need to increase physical activity level 74 76
  1. 1 At least one of the first-degree relatives had diabetes (type 1 or 2).
  2. 2 Systolic blood pressure ≥130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mmHg.
  3. 3 HDL < 1.03 mmol/l (men), <1.29 mmol/l (women); LDL ≥ 3 mmol/l or/and triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/l, or medication for these lipid abnormalities.
  4. 4 Body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2.
  5. 5 Normal: <94 cm (m), <80 cm (w); elevated risk: 94-101 cm (m), 80-87 cm (w); high risk: ≥102 cm (m), ≥88 cm (w).
  6. 6 Includes occasional and regular smokers.
  7. 7 Engaging in physical exercise <30 minutes three times a week.
  8. * p < 0.05 (for the statistical difference between the sexes).
  9. ** p < 0.01.
  10. *** p <0.001.