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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of a population-based sample of elderly people in Kosovo, 2011

From: Socioeconomic conditions of elderly people in Kosovo: a cross-sectional study

Numerical variables Men (n = 949) Women (n = 941) Total (n=1890)
Sample mean ± SD* Standardized mean (95% CI) Sample mean ± SD Standardized mean (95% CI) Sample mean ± SD Standardized mean (95% CI)
Age (years) 72.99 ± 5.94 72.99 (72.94-73.03) 73.67 ± 6.59 73.67 (73.62-73.72) 73.35 ± 6.31 73.35 (73.32-73.38)
Education (years) 5.58 ± 4.86 6.58 (6.54-6.62) 1.91 ± 2.92 2.70 (2.68-2.72) 3.76 ± 4.41 4.51 (4.48-4.53)
Categorical variables Men (n = 949) Women (n = 941) Total (n = 1890)
  Sample N (%) * Standardized% (95% CI) Sample N (%) Standardized% (95% CI) Sample N (%) Standardized% (95% CI)
Age group:       
65–74 307 (32.3) 67.0 (66.60-67.32) 300 (31.9) 63.1 (62.71-63.40) 607 (32.1) 64.9 (64.62-65.12)
75–84 343 (36.1) 29.4 (29.08-29.78) 332 (35.3) 31.2 (30.85-61.52) 675 (35.7) 30.4 (30.13-30.61)
85+ 299 (31.5) 3.6 (3.47-3.76) 309 (32.8) 5.8 (5.54-5.98) 608 (32.2) 4.8 (4.65-4.88)
Residence:       
Urban 469 (49.4) 38.7 (38.36-39.11) 448 (47.6) 37.2 (36.85-37.54) 917 (48.5) 37.9 (37.66-38.16)
Rural 480 (50.6) 61.3 (60.89-61.64) 493 (52.4) 62.8 (62.46-63.15) 973 (51.5) 62.1 (61.84-62.34)
Ethnicity:       
Albanian 857 (90.3) 91.1 (90.87-91.28) 843 (89.6) 89.0 (88.76-89.18) 1700 (89.9) 89.9 (89.79-90.10)
Serbian 57 (6.0) 5.5 (5.31-5.66) 63 (6.7) 7.2 (7.05-7.42) 120 (6.3) 6.4 (6.29-6.55)
Roma 9 (1.0) 0.5 (0.43-0.54) 3 (0.3) 0.2 (0.21-0.29) 12 (0.6) 0.4 (0.33-0.39)
Other 26 (2.7) 2.9 (2.81-3.07) 32 (3.4) 3.6 (3.43-3.70) 58 (3.1) 3.3 (3.18-3.37)
Religion:       
Muslim 868 (91.5) 92.4 (92.21-92.62) 858 (91.2) 90.2 (90.00-90.43) 1726 (91.3) 91.2 (91.09-91.38)
Catholic 24 (2.5) 2.1 (1.99-2.22) 20 (2.1) 2.6 (2.44-2.67) 44 (2.3) 2.3 (2.26-2.42)
Orthodox 57 (6.0) 5.5 (5.31-5.66) 63 (6.7) 7.2 (7.05-7.42) 120 (6.4) 6.4 (6.29-6.55)
Education:       
0 years 251 (26.4) 16.7 (16.39-16.96) 585 (62.2) 47.9 (47.55-48.26) 836 (44.2) 33.4 (33.16-33.66)
1–8 years 507 (53.4) 59.6 (59.25-60.00) 325 (34.5) 48.3 (47.93-48.65) 832 (44.0) 53.6 (53.29-53.81)
9+ years 186 (19.6) 23.2 (22.79-23.65) 18 (1.9) 2.5 (2.36-2.58) 204 (10.8) 12.1 (11.93-12.27)
Marital status:       
Married 554 (58.3) 71.1 (70.73-71.43) 243 (25.8) 39.1 (38.77-39.41) 797 (42.2) 54.0 (53.69-54.21)
Single 10 (1.1) 0.5 (0.43-0.54) 11 (1.2) 1.7 (1.61-1.80) 21 (1.1) 1.1 (1.08-1.20)
Separated 5 (0.5) 0.4 (0.33-0.42) 9 (1.0) 1.0 (0.94-1.08) 14 (0.7) 0.7 (0.67-0.76)
Widowed 366 (38.6) 26.8 (26.44-27.12) 663 (70.4) 56.7 (56.38-57.09) 1029 (54.4) 42.8 (42.57-43.09)
Living arrangements:       
Living alone 57 (6.0) 5.0 (4.86-5.19) 58 (6.2) 5.1 (4.97-5.28) 115 (6.1) 5.1 (4.96-5.19)
Not living alone 892 (94.0) 95.0 (94.81-95.14) 882 (93.7) 94.7 (94.55-94.88) 1774 (93.9) 94.8 (94.72-94.95)
  1. * Mean values (and their respective standard deviations) and absolute numbers (and their respective column percentages) in the actual study sample. Discrepancies in the totals for educational level, marital status and living arrangements are due to missing covariate values.
  2. Age-sex and-residence standardized mean values and column percentages and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs).