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Table 1 Sample description

From: Factors associated with differences in perceived health among German long-term unemployed

Characteristic   Total sample (n=365)
Demographic variables
Age (years) mean (SD) 43.7 (11.1)
Women n (%) 211 (57.8)
School years mean (SD) 10.6 (1.9) [5]
School years, categorized   [5]
< 10 years n (%) 120 (33.3)
10-11 years n (%) 116 (32.2)
>= 12 years n (%) 124 (34.4)
Social variables
Living in steady relationship n (%) 134 (37.2) [5]
Duration of unemployment   [12]
< 5 years n (%) 106 (30.0)
>= 5 years n (%) 178 (50.4)
never worked in Germany n (%) 69 (19.6)
Migration experience n (%) 132 (36.2)
Setting job centre
(vs. secondary labour market)
n (%) 76 (20.8%)
Perceived health variables
PCS (SF-12) mean (SD) 44.6 (10.0) [1]
MCS (SF-12) mean (SD) 44.0 (11.3) [1]
Depression (HADS summary score) mean (SD) 6.4 (4.2)[2]
HADS >= 11 n (%) 67 (18.5)
8<=HADS<11 n (%) 66 (18.2)
HADS < 8 n (%) 230 (63.4)
Anxiety (HADS summary score) mean (SD) 7.3 (4.2) [3]
HADS >= 11 n (%) 89 (24.6)
8<=HADS<11 n (%) 82 (22.7)
HADS < 8 n (%) 191 (52.8)
Problematic mental health status (HADS Depression >= 8 and/or HADS Anxiety >=8) n (%) 198 (54.6) [2]
Health status variables (risk factors)
Blood pressure (systol.) mean (SD) 126.0 (19.8) [6]
Blood pressure (diast.) mean (SD) 85.5 (12.7) [6]
Hypertonus (>140/90) n (%) 121 (33.7) [6]
Body Mass Index (BMI) mean (SD) 27.8 (6.5) [6]
BMI >= 30 n (%) 104 (29.0)
25 <= BMI < 30 n (%) 116 (32.3)
18.5 <= BMI < 25 n (%) 132 (36.8)
BMI < 18.5 n (%) 7 (2.0)
Health behaviour variables (risk factors)
Physical activity   [9]
low/medium n (%) 267 (75.0)
high (at least three times/week) n (%) 89 (25.0)
Smoking behaviour   [6]
Smokers n (%) 193 (53.8)
Never smoked n (%) 119 (33.2)
Stopped smoking n (%) 47 (13.1)
Alcohol consumption (AUDIT-C screening test)   [7]
no consumption (♂: 0 ♀: 0) n (%) 116 (32.4)
moderate consumption (♂: 1–4; ♀: 1–3) n (%) 160 (44.7)
risk consumption (♂: ≥ 5; ♀: ≥ 4) n (%) 82 (22.9)
  1. * Numbers in square brackets denote numbers of missing values.